Steps to conjugate in the Preterite 1.Find the stem by dropping the last two letters off of the infinitive. ie...habl – ar 2. Add the regular preterite endings.
AR Endings To describe completed actions in the past. éamos aste ó aron
ER and IR Endings To describe completed actions in the past. íimos iste ió ieron
Watch out for Orthographic spelling changes We cannot change the original sound of a letter by conjugating: This happens PRIMARILY with the yo form of AR verbs whose stems end in C,G,or Z c-qu g-gu z-c z-c
Preterite Stem Changes 3 Onlys 1.Only w/ ir verbs 2. Only one letter stem change 3. Only in the slipper (box 3 & 5) ie...dormir durmió durmieron
Irregular Preterite 3532 shortUI J Ser Saber I wantTraer Ir Tener to makeDecir Dar Estar wine Poner Poder
¡Ojo! Verb PreteriteImp. saber found outknew conocer met knew a person querer refused (neg.) wanted poder managed, failed had the ability estargot, became was tenerreceived possessed, had
Sentence Examples Hablé con mi hermana ayer. I talked with my sister yesterday. Juan se duchó ayer por la tarde. Juan took a shower yesterday afternoon. Tomaste los refrescos a la fiesta. You drank soft drinks at the party.
For Extra Practice: http://trackstar.hprtec.org track #93334 http://www.colby.edu/~bknelson/exercises/in dex.html www.studyspanish.com grammar topics – preterite and imperfect