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Repaso del pretérito el 11-16 de enero. Notes You will copy the following notes on page 105 of your INB. The title for this section is: Repaso del pretérito:

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Presentation on theme: "Repaso del pretérito el 11-16 de enero. Notes You will copy the following notes on page 105 of your INB. The title for this section is: Repaso del pretérito:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Repaso del pretérito el de enero

2 Notes You will copy the following notes on page 105 of your INB. The title for this section is: Repaso del pretérito: Verbos regulares -ar If you run out of room, get a loose leaf-paper and continue your notes there.

3 Uses of el pretérito Use the preterite to talk about completed actions in the past. Actions that can be viewed as a single event The beginning or end of an action or event A series of events such as the action of a story An action that interrupts another action An action that happens once or a specific number of times A specific time period in the past

4 Verbos regulares Most -ar verbs are regular in the preterite. The endings are: Stem-changing -ar verbs in the present tense DO NOT stem-change in the preterite. -ar preterite endings -é-amos -aste-asteis -ó-aron

5 Notes You will copy the following notes on page 107 of your INB. The title for this section is: Repaso del pretérito: Verbos regulares -er/-ir If you run out of room, get a loose leaf-paper and continue your notes there.

6 Verbos regulares -er and -ir verbs have the same endings in the preterite. ¡ojo!-There are many irregular -er & -ir verbs! The endings are: Stem-changing -er verbs in the present tense, DO NOT stem-change in the preterite. Stem-changing -ir verbs in the present tense, DO change in the preterite, (but in a different way) in the third person (we will talk about this another time). -er/-ir preterite endings -í-imos -iste-isteis -ió-ieron

7 Notes You will copy the following notes on page 109 of your INB. The title for this section is: Repaso del pretérito: -car, -gar, -zar If you run out of room, get a loose leaf-paper and continue your notes there.

8 Verbos con -car, -gar, -zar Verbs that end in -car, -gar, & -zar change only in the yo form in the preterite. -car -qué Sacar (to take out) saquésacamos sacastesacasteis sacósacaron

9 Verbos con -car, -gar, -zar -gar -gué llegar (to arrive) lleguéllegamos llegastellegasteis llególlegaron

10 Verbos con -car, -gar, -zar -zar -cé almorzar (to eat lunch) almorcéalmorzamos almorzastealmorzasteis almorzóalmorzaron

11 Notes You will copy the following notes on page 111 of your INB. The title for this section is: Repaso del pretérito: los gemelos If you run out of room, get a loose leaf-paper and continue your notes there.

12 Los gemelos There are two sets of twins in the preterite. They are dar & ver, and ser & ir.

13 Los gemelos Our gemelos fraternales are: dar (to give) didimos distedisteis diodieron ver (to see/to watch) vivimos vistevisteis viovieron

14 Los gemelos Our gemelos idénticos are: ser (to be) fuifuimos fuistefuisteis fuefueron ir (to go) fuifuimos fuistefuisteis fuefueron

15 Notes You will copy the following notes on page 111 of your INB. The title for this section is: El pretérito: Irregular stems If you run out of room, get a loose leaf-paper and continue your notes there.

16 Irregular Stems There are nine irregular stem verbs in the preterite.

17 Irregular Stems They are: andar (to walk) estar (to be) tener (to have) saber (to know information) poder (to be able to) poner (to put on/to become) querer (to want) venir (to come) hacer (to do/to make) Their irregular stems are: anduv- estuv- tuv- sup- pud- pus- quis- vin- hic-

18 Irregular Stems Irregular stems in the preterite use a mixture of both -ar and -er/-ir endings. ¡ojo!: In the third person singular, the c in hacer changes to a z giving us hizo. Irregular stem endings -e-imos -iste-isteis -o-ieron

19 Notes You will copy the following notes on page 113 of your INB. The title for this section is: El pretérito: -j stem verbs If you run out of room, get a loose leaf-paper and continue your notes there.

20 -j stem verbs Verbs that end in -cir have an irregular stem. The -c -j. Here are six examples of -j stem verbs.

21 -j stem verbs They are: conducir (to drive) decir (to say/to tell) traducir (to translate) producir (to produce) introducir (to introduce) *traer (to bring) Their irregular stems are: conduj- dij- traduj- produj- introduj- traj-

22 -j stem verbs -j stem verbs use a mixture of both -ar and -er/-ir endings, with an exception for the third person plural. -j stem endings -e-imos -iste-isteis -o-eron

23 Notes You will copy the following notes on page 115 of your INB. The title for this section is: El pretérito: Stem-changing -ir verbs, If you run out of room, get a loose leaf-paper and continue your notes there.

24 Stem-changing -ir verbs -ir stem-changing verbs in the present tense do stem-change in the preterite. They only stem-change in the third person. The new stem-changers are: e io u

25 Stem-changing -ir verbs They are known as sandal verbs. pedir (to ask for) pedípedimos pedistepedisteis pidiópidieron dormir (to sleep) dormídormimos dormistedormisteis durmiódurmieron

26 Stem-changing -ir verbs e i repetir sentirse vestirse divertirse preferir mentir seguir servir despedirse conseguir o u morir

27 Notes You will copy the following notes on page 117 of your INB. The title for this section is: El pretérito: double vowels If you run out of room, get a loose leaf-paper and continue your notes there.

28 Double vowel verbs Double vowel verbs are -er & -ir verbs whose stems end in a vowel.

29 Double vowel verbs In the third person, the i changes to a y, giving us the endings yó & yeron. incluir (to include) incluíincluimos incluisteincluisteis incluyóincluyeron construir (to construct) construíconstruimos construisteconstruisteis construyóconstruyeron

30 Double vowel verbs Vowel stems that end in an -a, -e or -o, receive an accented í in all of the forms. leer (to read) leíleímos leísteleísteis leyóleyeron caerse (to fall down) me caínos caímos te caísteos caísteis se cayóse cayeron oír (to hear) oíoímos oísteoísteis oyóoyeron


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