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La Pregunta ? ? How do I talk about a specific past action or event?

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Presentation on theme: "La Pregunta ? ? How do I talk about a specific past action or event?"— Presentation transcript:

1 La Pregunta ? ? How do I talk about a specific past action or event?

2 El Preterito Talking about specific past actions or events En Español / (The Preterite)

3 Uses of the Preterite Specific past event/action Physical action Beginning/End of an event/action An interrupting action Tell What Happened He ran. I jumped. You sang. We laughed.

4 Conjugations of the Preterite Verbs that end in… -ar -er/-ir -é -aste -amos -ó -asteis -aron -í -iste -ió -imos -isteis -ieron

5 Try it! Conjugate the verb HABLAR using your preterite endings. HABLAR-- HABL É HABL ASTE HABL Ó HABL AMOS HABL ASTEIS HABL ARON

6 Now Try… Conjugate the verb COMER using your preterite endings. COMER -- COM Í COM ISTE COM IÓ COM IMOS COM ISTEIS COM IERON

7 And Finally.. Conjugate the verb VIVIR using your preterite endings. VIVIR -- VIV Í VIV ISTE VIV IÓ VIV IMOS VIV ISTEIS VIV IERON

8 -Car -Gar -Zar Words that end in –car, -gar, or –zar have a spelling change in the preterit yo-form of the verb. Sa car Ju gar Empe zar To car Comen zar

9 -Car -Gar -Zar In the YO-Form of a –car/-gar/-zar verb, a spelling change takes place before adding the regular –ar ending of the verb. This is to preserve the sound that the letters make in the original verb before conjugation.

10 -Car -Gar -Zar For example: Sacar Sacé X Sacar c qu cSa é Saqué

11 -Car -Gar -Zar For example: Jugar Jugé X Jugar g gu g Ju é Jugué

12 -Car -Gar -Zar For example: Empezar Empezé X Empezar z c zEmpe é Empecé

13 -Car -Gar -Zar Words that end in –car, -gar, or –zar have a spelling change in the preterit yo-form of the verb. c qu-car: g gu-gar: z c-zar:

14 -Car -Gar -Zar Since theyre all –ar verbs, Simply add your preterit –ar ending after youve made the spelling change in the yo-form. -é

15 Now You Try! Conjugate the verb TOCAR using your preterite endings. Dont forget your spell change in the yo-form! TOCAR-- TO É TOCASTE TOCÓ TOCAMOS TOCASTEIS TOCARON QU

16 Now You Try! Conjugate the verb JUGAR using your preterite endings. Dont forget your spell change in the yo-form! JUG AR-- JU É JUGASTE JUGÓ JUGAMOS JUGASTEIS JUGARON GU

17 Now You Try! Conjugate the verb COMENZAR using your preterite endings. Dont forget your spell change in the yo-form! COMENZ AR-- COMEN É COMENZASTE COMENZÓ COMENZAMOS COMENZASTEIS COMENZARON C

18 Ir Ser dar ver ¡NO ACCENTS ANYWHERE! Irregular verbs in the preterit

19 Ir Ser dar ver These four verbs have irregular conjugations. Rather than chopping off the endings of these verbs and adding on new ones, learn the following conjugations of each verb.

20 Ir Ser dar ver Ir fui fuiste fue fuimos fuisteis fueron - To Go

21 fui fue fui fue - To Go mos is ron fuiste

22 Guess what?!

23 Ir fui fuiste fue fuimos fuisteis fueron - To ser be Go Theyre the SAME!

24 Thats Right! The conjugations of Ir and Ser are the SAME in the PRETERIT!!

25 SEr fui fue fuimos fueron - To fuiste fuisteis Ir beGo

26 Ir Ser dar ver The only irregular thing about Ver in the preterit is that it doesnt have any accents.

27 ver vi viste vio vimos visteis vieron ¡NO ACCENTS!

28 Dar and Ver are very similar in the preterit.

29 r i iste io imos isteis ieron v Da ve d v d v d v d v d v d

30 Ir Ser dar ver ¡NO ACCENTS ANYWHERE! Irregular verbs in the preterit

31 Etapa 1.2 Just Plain Weird Verbs

32 Just Plain Weird verbs Andar – To walk Estar – To be Tener – To have Poder – To be able Poner – To put/place Saber – To know Venir – To come Querer – To want

33 Stems Just Plain Weird Stems Andar : Anduv- Estar : Estuv- Tener : Tuv- Poder : Pud- Pud- Poner : Pus- Pus- Saber : Sup- Venir : Vin- Querer : Quis-

34 Conjugations of the Preterite Verbs that end in… -ar -er/-ir -é -aste -amos -ó -asteis -aron -í -iste -ió -imos -isteis -ieron

35 Just Plain Weird Endings -ar -er/-ir -e -aste -amos -o -asteis -aron -í -iste -ió -imos -isteis -ieron New endings

36 endingsJust Plain Weird endings-e-imos-iste-isteis -o-ieron

37 CONJUGATIONS Just Plain Weird CONJUGATIONS STEM STEM+ENDINGS -e-imos -iste-isteis -o-ieron anduv-anduv- estuv-estuv- tuv-tuv- pud-pud- pus-pus- sup-sup- vin-vin- quis-quis-

38 Lets Conjugate! Conjugate the verb ESTAR in the preterite in your notes. estuve estuviste estuvo estuvimos estuvisteis estuvieron

39 Lets Conjugate! SABER Conjugate the verb SABER in the preterite in your notes. Check your conjugations with your partner.

40 Lets Conjugate! Howd you do? supe supiste supo supimos supisteis supieron

41 ¡Traducimos! Read and translate these sentences to English: 1.Marta anduvo por el parque. 2.¡Tu tuviste tres galletas! 3.Nosotros supimos la respuesta. 4.Yo quise mirar beisbol. 5.Ellos no pudieron ir al cine.

42 ¡Traducimos! Read and translate these sentences to English: 1.Marta walked through the park. 2.You had three cookies! 3.We knew the answer. 4.I wanted to watch baseball. 5.They could not go to the movies.

43 ¡Traducimos! Write these sentences in Spanish: 1.They wanted to eat lunch. 2.I was in the office. 3.We set the table. 4.You came to my school. 5.Maria walked to Saras house.

44 ¡Traducimos! Write these sentences in Spanish: 1.Ellos quisieron comer el almuerzo. 2.Yo estuve en la oficina. 3.Nosotros pusimos la mesa. 4.Tu viniste a mi escuela. 5.Maria anduvo a la casa de Sara.

45 ¡Tarea! Now that you know the 8 Just Plain Weird preterite verbs, your homework is: 1.Conjugate all 8 verbs in the preterite in your notes. 2.Do activity #10, p. 58 in your book. You must write your answers in complete sentences.

46 J-stem Preterit Verbs There are a handful of verbs that when conjugated in the preterit, they take on the letter j. These verbs share similar endings to the Just Plain Weird Verbs

47 J-stem Verbs Traer – To bring Decir – To tell Conducir – To drive Producir – To produce Traducir – To translate

48 Stems J-stem Verb Stems Traer : traj- Decir : dij- Conducir : conduj- Producir : produj- Traducir : traduj-

49 J-Stem endings -e-imos-iste-isteis -o-ieron X

50 CONJUGATIONS J-Stem Preterit CONJUGATIONS STEMENDINGS STEM+ENDINGS -e-imos -iste-isteis -o-eron traj-traj- dij-dij- conduj-conduj- produj-produj- traduj-traduj-

51 Try it! Conjugate the verb Traer in the preterit in your notes. traje trajiste trajo trajimos trajisteis trajeron

52 Try it! Conjugate the Decir in the preterit in your notes. dije dijiste dijo dijimos dijisteis dijeron

53 ¡Traducimos! Read and translate these sentences to English: 1.Marta trajo su perro al parque. 2.¡¿Tu me dijiste una mentira?! 3.Nosotros condujimos a la escuela. 4.Yo traduje los letreros a inglés. 5.Ellos no produjeron la película.

54 ¡Traducimos! 1.Marta brought her dog to the park. 2.You told me a lie?! 3.We drove to school. 4.I translated the sign to English. 5.They did not produce the movie.

55 ¡Traducimos! Read and translate these sentences to Spanish: 1.I drove to school in a blue car. 2.He told his mother the truth. 3.We produced the program in Spanish. 4.You brought me a present. 5.Raúl y Emilio translated the book in Spanish.

56 ¡Traducimos! 1.Conduje a la escuela en un coche azul. 2.Él le dijo la verdad a su madre. 3.Produjimos el programa en español. 4.Tú me trajiste un regalo. 5.Raúl y Emilio tradujeron el libro en español.

57 Tarea Conjugate all 5 J-stem verbs into your notes. Traer Decir Conducir Producir Traducir

58 Stem-changing Preterit Verbs E I O U E I O U

59 In the Present Tense where did we make stem-spelling changes?

60 Thats Right! In the Boot.

61 Present Day Soldiers Wear BOOTS on their feet. In the past, the soldiers wore…

62 Similiarly, present tense stem changers take place in the boot While past tense preterit verbs take the stem change in only the sandal of the shoe.

63 In the Past or PreteritTense stem-spelling changes occur in the sandal of the shoe. E-> I / O-> U

64 Stem-Spell Change Verbs Competir - To compete Dormir – To sleep Morir – To die Pedir – To ask Preferir – To prefer Repetir – Servir – To repeat To Serve

65 Stem-Spell Change Verbs Competir - e i Dormir – o u Morir – Pedir – e i Preferir – e i Repetir – Servir – e i o u

66 Try it! Conjugate the verb Repetir in the preterit in your notes. repetí repetiste repitió repetimos repetisteis repitieron

67 Try it! Conjugate the verb Dormir in the preterit in your notes. dormí dormiste durmió dormimos dormisteis durmieron

68 Stem-Spell Changes I Y Creer - Creer - To believe Leer – To read Oír – To hear i y

69 Try it! Conjugate the verb Leer in the preterit in your notes. leí leiste leyó leimos leisteis leyeron


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