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El Preterito Study Review by Shawn Barney (Edited by Carlos Gagel)

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Presentation on theme: "El Preterito Study Review by Shawn Barney (Edited by Carlos Gagel)"— Presentation transcript:

1 El Preterito Study Review by Shawn Barney (Edited by Carlos Gagel)

2 Basic -AR Verb Endings éamos asteasteis óaron

3 Basic -ER/-IR Endings iimos isteisteis ióieron

4 Conjugation of Ir and Ser Ser – to be Ir – to go fuifuimos fuistefuisteis fuefueron These two verbs have the same conjugation but are distinguished by the context of the sentence.

5 Car-Gar-Zar Verbs ending in Car, Gar, or Zar have changes in the Yo form only. Car verbs change to que Gar verbs change to gué Zar verbs change to cé Examples – buscar to look for, jugar to play, empezar to begin

6 Examples of Car – Gar – Zar s Llegar – to arrive Buscar – to look for llegué llegamos busqué buscamos llegaste llegasteis buscaste buscasteis llegó llegaron buscó buscaron Empezar – to begin empecé empezamos empezaste empezasteis empezó empezaron

7 Irregular Verbs Some verbs have irregular stems in the past tense (complete with their own set of endings) A VinnyDo P Has The P Quesadillas Conjugation E S T Irregular Verb Endings = eimos iste isteis oieron

8 APPEST – U group Andar to walk – anduv Poner to put or place – pus Poder to be able to – pud (to manage to in the preterit tense) Estar to be – estuv Saber to know – sup (to find out in the preterit tense) Tener to have – tuv

9 Vinny Has Quesadillas – I group Venir to come – vin Hacer to do or make – hic Querer to want – quis (Preterit Tense Meanings) 1.) positive – Quise estudiar – to try 2.) negative – No quise estudiar – to refuse

10 Do The Conjugation – J group Decir to say – dij Traer to bring – traj Conducir to drive – conduj Third Person Plural Ending = eron

11 Dar/Ver Dar – to giveVer – to see didimosvivimos distedisteisvistevisteis dio dieronviovieron *Use ER/IR endings *No accent marks

12 Leer – Creer - Oír Leer – to read Creer – to believe leíleímos creí creímos leísteleísteis creíste creísteis leyó leyeron creyó creyeron Oír – to hear oí oímos oíst oísteis oyó oyeron

13 Boot Verbs? There are no boot verbs in the preterit tense. However, there are sandal verbs in which changes are only made in the third person conjugation.

14 weIRd verbs (sandal verbs) Preferir (ie)(i) to prefer Divertirse (ie)(i) to have fun Sentirse (ie)(i) to feel/regret Dormir(se) (ue)(u) to sleep/fall asleep Morir (ue)(u) to die Pedir (i)(i) to ask for/order Repetir (i)(i) to repeat Servir (i)(i) to serve Seguir (i)(i) to follow Vestirse (i)(i) to get dressed Freír (i)(i) to fry

15 Example Of A weIRd verb Pedir (i)(i) – to ask for, request, order pido pedimos pedí pedimos pides pedís pediste pedisteis pide piden pidió pidieron Present Tense Preterit Tense (Boot) (Sandal)

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