Presentation on theme: "Vocabulary (10.1 L-R) 1.Sectionalism 2.Charter 3.Dumping 4.American System 5.Infrastructure 6.McCulloch v. Maryland 7.Gibbons v. Ogden 8.Contract 9.Capitalism."— Presentation transcript:
Vocabulary (10.1 L-R) 1.Sectionalism 2.Charter 3.Dumping 4.American System 5.Infrastructure 6.McCulloch v. Maryland 7.Gibbons v. Ogden 8.Contract 9.Capitalism 10.Interstate commerce 11.Cede 12.Monroe Doctrine 13.Self-Government
Essential Questions (10.1 L) 1.Describe Henry Clay’s American System and how he thought it would benefit the economy. (pg. 217) 2.Describe the three Supreme Court decisions that strengthened the federal government and supported economic growth. (pg. 217-218) 3.What was the main message of the Monroe Doctrine and toward whom was it directed? (pg. 221)
Building a National Identity The period of national unity following the War of 1812 is know as the “Era of Good Feelings”. Period of economic growth.
Madison’s Economic Plan Unite country for a stronger economy. Economically self- sufficient -transportation system. -protective tariff. -revive national bank.
Second National Bank 1816, 2 nd B.U.S. chartered for 20 years. -lent money -controlled money supply James Monroe elected president, begins “Era of Good Feelings”
Tariff of 1816 Tax on imports. -Foreign goods cost more. -Buy American. -Help pay for improvements.
Henry Clay’s American System Protective Tariff. National Bank (2 nd Bank of the United States). Improve Infrastructure (transportation system).
Henry Clay’s American System North produces manufactured goods. South and West produces food, cotton. National currency, transportation facilitates trade. All regions sustain the others making the U.S. economically independent.
Erie Canal Links Lake Erie to the Hudson River. -Great Lakes to the Atlantic. Other states build 3,000 miles of canals by 1837.
National Road 1838, extends from MD to IL. Railroads not in common use. Turnpikes, toll roads, and highways.
Important Supreme Court Rulings Gibbons v. Ogden, 1824: Fed. Gov. controls interstate commerce. McCulloch v. Maryland, 1819: states cannot overturn laws passed by Congress or pass laws that violate federal laws.
Limiting State Control Court blocks states interference in business, commerce. Fletcher v. Peck: voids Georgia law violating right to make contract. Dartmouth College v. Woodward, 1819: state cannot interfere with contracts.
Dealing With Other Nations National interest come before region, foreign concerns. John Quincy Adams makes treaties with Britain. -Great Lakes. -borders. -territories. Adams-Onis Treaty -Spain ceded (gives up) Florida and Oregon.
Spanish Colonies Win Independence Mexico. -1810, Father Miguel Hidalgo. -1821, Independence agreed. -1823, Truly independent. Central and South America. -Simon Bolivar, the Liberator. By 1825, most of Latin America.
Monroe Doctrine, 1823 Spain, Portugal claim old colonies; Russia has trading posts in CA. U.S.A warns Europe not to interfere in Americas. - “dangerous to our peace and safety”. -U.S. won’t interfere in Europe.