2 The Era of Good Feelings A sense of National Unity after the War of 1812Federalist all but disappear since they didn’t support the War of 1812The 5th President of the USA wasJames Monroe(Democratic Republican)a. No one really opposed him
3 Sectionalism Grows Regional differences soon began to surface Strong allegiance to their region (Westerners, Southerners, Northerners)Sectionalism—Loyalty to their regionConflict over slaverySoutherners stress States’ rightsTariffs, National Bank, and Internal Improvements become major issues
5 John Calhoun Planter/War Hawk from South Carolina Favored support for internal improvements and developing industry.Favored the National BankViews changed and he begins to favor State Sovereignty—the idea that states have autonomous powerWas against High Tariffs
6 Daniel Webster Elected to Congress in 1812—New Hampshire Favored the Tariff of 1816—protected American industries from foreign competitionGreat Speaker/Orator“Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable!”
10 Missouri Compromise Sectional Tension reaches new heights Slavery the big issueThe South wanted Missouri admitted as a slave state—Northerners wanted it as a Free-StateHenry Clay helped work out a solutionMissouri Compromise---Missouri a slave state Maine admitted as a free stateBanned Slavery North of the 36 30’N parallel
12 The American System Henry Clay called for a protective tariff; a program of internal improvements, especially the building of roads and canals, to stimulate tradea national bank to control inflation and to lend money to build developing industries.
13 McCulloch v. MarylandMaryland imposed a tax on the Balitmore branch of the 2nd National Bank (a Federal Bank)Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall ruled that Marylandhad no right to tax afederal institution.
14 Gibbons v. OgdenEstablished that states could not enact legislation (laws) that would interfere with Congressional Power over interstate commerce
15 Foreign Affairs Relations with Britain Sec. of State John Quincy Adams try to resolve disputes with Britain and SpainRush-Bagot TreatyUSA and Britain set limits on the number of naval ships each could have on the Great LakesDisarmament—removal of weaponsAmericans get the right to settle in the Oregon Country
16 Relations with Spain1818 Andrew Jackson invaded Spanish Florida, seized 2 forts and hanged 2 British agentsSec. of War Calhoun wanted Jackson court-martialed—tried by the military courtAdams-Onis TreatySpain gave Florida to the USAUSA gave up claims to Texas42nd Parallel becomes the border
18 Latin American Republics MexicoMiguel Hidalgo led a rebellion against Spain 1810Miguel is executed but by 1821 Mexico gained its independenceBolivar and San MartinSimon Bolivar “Liberator”-won the independence for Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Bolivia, and EcuadorJose de San Martin gained independence for Chili and Peru
19 The Monroe DoctrineDocument stated that the Western Hemisphere was closed to new European colonization.This document becomes the most import element of American foreign policy