Presentation on theme: "A New National Identity"— Presentation transcript:
1 A New National Identity Chapter 9A New National Identity
2 Disputes with Great Britain Border between Canada and the United StatesGreat LakesBoth countries wanted fishing rights and their naviesCompromise:Rush-Bagot AgreementConvention of 1818: set the border at 49° N latitude all the way west to the Rocky Mts.
3 Disputes with Spain Argued over the border with Spanish Florida Newly elected President, James Monroe:Sent his Secretary of State John Quincy Adams to negotiate with the SpanishSent General Andrew Jackson to secure the border
4 First Seminole War Seminole Indians raided American towns Assisted runaway slavesJackson invades Spanish held FloridaCaptures most of the Spanish fortsOverthrows the governor of FloridaWas never authorized by President Monroe
5 Adam-Onis Treaty Jackson’s “invasion” convinced Spain to negotiate The United States receives Florida in exchange for giving up its claims to Texas
6 Spanish Colonies Spanish colonies rebel Men like Simon Bolivar “the Liberator” lead struggles for independenceThese revolutions were similar to that of the 13 colonies and had a lot of public support from U.S. citizensAs Mexico (and others) became independent Monroe and Adams feared European interests in Latin AmericaDuring a speech Secretary of State John Quincy Adams implies U.S. support of the newly independent countriesHe does however say that the United States would not fight their battles.Great Britain was also concerned about European interference in Latin AmericaWhy?
7 Monroe Doctrine Issued by President Monroe on December 2, 1823 Four Points:The United States would not interfere in the affairs of European NationsThe United States would recognize, and not interfere with, European colonies that already existed in North and South AmericaThe Western Hemisphere was to be off-limits to future colonization by any foreign powerThe United States would consider any European power’s attempt to colonize or interfere with Nations in the Western Hemisphere to be a Hostile Act
9 Growing Nationalism What is nationalism? Henry Clay: Feelings of pride and loyalty to a nationStrongly supported by men like Henry ClayHenry Clay:Representative from KentuckyDeveloped the American System
10 Infrastructure Roads: Canals: Dirt roads How does this make travel dificult?Government begins to create roads. What gives Congress this powerThe Cumberland Road will eventually stretch from Cumberland, Maryland all the way to IllinoisNations first “highways”Canals:Purpose?Erie Canalfrom Albany to BuffaloConnected the Great Lakes with the east coast (NYC in particular)
11 Era of Good Feelings A time of peace, pride, and progress Peace: Peace with England growing friendship based on tradePeace with Spain to busy fighting aginst its rebellious coloniesPeace with France devastated by the Napoleonic WarsPride:Fought off the British during the War of 1812The Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the nationAcquired Florida from SpainProgress:Creation of roads and canalsEconomy is booming trade with Europe has increased due to large scale devastation as a result of the Napoleonic WarsLarge immigration from Europe provides the U.S. with a surplus of labor
12 Federal GovernmentGains more power as a result of two Supreme Court CasesMcCulloch vs. Maryland:1819Court determined that Congress did have implied power. From Where?In particular the power to create a national bankGibbons vs. Ogden:Court determined that States could not interfere with the regulation of interstate commerce by Congress?
13 Growing SectionalismSectionalism: disagreements between different regionsNorth vs. SouthFree vs. SlaveMissouri applies to join the Union as a slave stateDisrupted the balance between slave and free states11 free states vs. 11 slave statesAdding Missouri tips the balance in Congress. How?
15 Missouri Compromise Settled the conflict Passed in 1820 Three main conditions:Missouri would enter the Union as a slave state.Maine would join the Union as a free statesSlavery is prohibited in any new territories north of 36°30’ latitude, this would also be Missouri’s southern border