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Political Parties Taking a Part in the Political Process.

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Presentation on theme: "Political Parties Taking a Part in the Political Process."— Presentation transcript:

1 Political Parties Taking a Part in the Political Process

2 Political Parties An association of voters with broad, common interests who want to influence or control decision making in their local, state, or national government

3 Political Parties There are several types of Party Systems in the World The Two-Party System: US The Multi-Party System: Britain, France, Israel The One (Single Party) System: China, Cuba

4 Political Parties Multi-Party Systems –Most democracies in the World are multi-party systems Canada has 3 major parties Germany has 5 major parties Israel has 20 major parties System allows a lot of choice, but decision making in legislature is difficult

5 Political Parties One Party Systems: Usually Dictatorships in nations where all citizens must belong to that party China, Cuba, Iran are all examples Some hold farcical elections to give the impression of democracy –All people on the ballot are from the same party

6 Political Parties Two Party System: Only 2 major political parties that are consistently in contention for political offices Unique to the United States Two Major Parties in the United States –Republican Party –Democratic Party * No third party candidate has won the presidency

7 Political Parties Benefits to a Two-Party System? –It makes you a democracy –Easier to win a majority (50% +1) rather than a plurality Disadvantages? –Voters feel the need to choose sides –Less choice among candidates

8 Political Parties Third Parties: smaller parties who influence voters by their presence and often bring issues to light for other parties Often start at the grassroots (local) level and grow from there Never win Presidential Elections Rarely Win National Congressional Elections

9 Political Parties Types of Third Parties –Ideological Parties –Single-Issue Parties –Independent Candidates who form parties

10 Political Parties Ideological Parties: radically change the system of government –Communist Party –Libertarian Single Issue Party: run on one issue they want to get national attention –Prohibitionist party

11 Political Parties Independents –Ross Perot formed the Reform Party because he disagreed with Republican economic plans Some people run as independents because they lose the nomination in their major parties –Example: Teddy Roosevelt and the “Bull Moose Party” in 1912

12 Political Parties Why do we need political parties at all? –George Washington warned against political parties during his farewell address. –Political Parties are inevitable when people have the freedom to question and disagree with their government

13 Political Parties Why do the Democrats and Republicans disagree? Political Ideologies: –World View: your opinion on international affairs and interaction –Values: traditions and belief system –Process of Social Change: gradual, quick or stagnant

14 Political Parties Democrats Favor larger federal government More government support of social programs Anti-Iraq War Pro-Immigration Civil Liberty and personal freedoms driven Republicans Favor downsizing the federal government Less government support of social programs Pro-Iraq War Anti-Immigration Value and Morals Driven

15 Political Parties Republicans are sometimes called CONSERVATIVES because they hold on the traditional values and dislike change in government.

16 Political Parties Democrats are called LIBERALS because they often interpret the laws and change with the times

17 Political Parties Moderates are somewhere in the middle of both parties –Most Americans are Moderates Radicals are extremists on both sides: –They are often avoided by most members of their parties because they are unwilling to compromise

18 Political Parties Purpose : –Nominate Strong Candidates –Campaign for Candidates –Inform Citizens of Legislation and Party Platform –Managing Government –Link Levels of Government: National, State, and Local levels –Play Watchdog of the other party


20 Political Parties President or National Committee Chairperson State Chairperson County Chairperson Precinct Captain: city/ district level Each party selects people to fill each of these roles in every state and county

21 Political Parties National Committee Organize National Convention Write Party Platform Nominate Candidates Raise Money for campaigns NATIONAL COMMITTEE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION

22 Political Party National Committee: representatives from every state work to write the party platform and support candidates from the party Platform: overall plan for the party Planks: each idea in the platform

23 Political Parties National Conventions are formalities today because the nominee has been decided by PRIMARY ELECTIONS and CAUCUSES

24 Political Parties Primary Elections determine which of the many Democrats or Republicans will be the parties nominee –Open Primaries: a primary where any registered voter may vote –Closed Primaries: a primary where only a party member may vote (most are closed)

25 Political Parties A Caucus is when a party meets face to face and openly votes and tries to convince others to nominate their candidate Less common today

26 Political Parties After the states have primaries or caucuses, the projected winner of the most electoral votes wins the nomination at the National Convention Conventions are held in the summer of the election year and kick start the campaign season

27 Political Parties State and Local Committees do much of the same things that the National Committee does They hold primaries and nominate state and local candidates They also campaign for their local leaders

28 Political Machines local party organizations that are so strong they hold office for a lengthy period of time Often, they are run wealthy groups behind the scenes who guarantee victory in exchange for protection from certain laws

29 Political Parties Best known political machine was Tammany Hall –William Marcy “Boss” Tweed was the mayor of New York who gave money and contracts to friends in exchange for votes –Gained immigrant vote by giving food and jobs to the new immigrants –“Vote early, vote often”

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