Presentation on theme: "Questions to answer What factors influence commissioners in the decisions they make? How might a commissioner decide what is best for the county as a whole."— Presentation transcript:
1 Objective 4.01 Examine the structure and organization of political parties.
2 Questions to answerWhat factors influence commissioners in the decisions they make?How might a commissioner decide what is best for the county as a whole (“the common good”)?
3 Political PartiesOrganization of people with common interests who want to influence the government and elect candidates to office.How do you become a member of the ____________ party?Choose one when you register to vote.No dues to pay, no voting requirements.
5 Functions of Political Parties Nominate and select candidatesAct as watchdogsWhen in the minority, keep a watch on the party in power. Make sure they do not abuse their power.Inform votersGive jobs to campaign workers who helped him/her get electedCalled patronage
6 The U.S. has a two-party system All national elections have been won by either one of our two major parties- Democrats and Republicans.
7 Types of Party SystemsTwo Party SystemDemocratsRepublicans
11 Republican Party Referred to as the Grand Old Party Founded in 1854 by anti-slavery expansion activistsThe Republican Party is the more conservative partyEmphasize individual freedom and limiting government
12 Third Party Never won a presidential election Rarely wins other major electionsThey influence the outcome of elections and influence policy.
13 Why Third Parties FormSupport a single issueProhibition Party
14 Why Third Parties Form? Support Political Beliefs The Populists, Progressives, & the Reform Party
15 Why Third Parties Form? Support a single candidate Ross Perot won 20% of the popular vote in the 1992 election.
16 Problems facing Third Parties Hard to get on the ballot= must get enough signatures on a petition to appear on the ballot.Difficult to raise moneyWasting their vote
17 One-Party System A single political party forms the government No other partiesare permitted torun candidates forelection
18 Communist Party of China China would be an example of a one-party system.
19 Multi-party System Most Democracies use multi-party systems. GermanyIsraelCanadaEnglandJapanAustralia. You get the idea, right?Use coalitions to get majorities.
20 The PlatformA list of the principles which a political party supports in order to appeal to the general public. This often takes the form of a list of support for, or opposition to, controversial topics.Individual topics are often called planks of the platform.