1 Unit 4 Chapter 9 Notes “Elections”-Answers Complete the Guided Reading / Structured Notes as you view the Power Point.
2 Standards: Essential Standards: CE.C&G.2.8: Distinguish between one, two and multi-party governmentsCE.C&G.3.6: Analyze the role media, interest groups, political parties, and propaganda play in influencing elections and public policyCE.C&G.5.1: Explain the election process
3 Unit 4 Elections: Chapter 9 Standards: 2.8, 3.6, 5.1 Political Parties and PoliticsSection 1: Development of American Political PartiesPolitical PartiesPolitical Party- an association of voters with broad, common interests who want to influence or control decision making in the government by electing a party’s candidates to public officeParty members share beliefs about politics and the proper role of governmentTwo major political parties in U.S.Two-party system
4 Unit 4 Elections Standards: 2.8, 3.6, 5.1 Growth of American PartiesThe Constitution does not say anything about political partiesIn the late 1790’s, two rival parties formed in the U.S.- they disagreed about how the U.S. government should operateThomas Jefferson led one group- Democratic- Republican PartyAlexander Hamilton led the other group- Federalist PartyBoth supported protection for individual rights- but differed in their beliefs of how to accomplish their goals
6 Unit 4 Elections Standards: 2.8, 3.6, 5.1 Hamilton favored a strong national governmentWanted the president to have more powerFederalistsJefferson wanted to limit the power of the national governmentHe wanted more power for state governments because they were closer to the citizensAnti-Federalists
9 Unit 4 Elections Standards: 2.8, 3.6, 5.1 The Democratic Party-Jefferson’s party called Democratic-Republican Party1828 under leadership of Andrew Jackson party splitThose who supported Jackson called themselves the Democratic Party1800 – 1816 Democratic Party grew strongerHamilton’s party called the Federalists1800 – 1816 Federalists faded away1816 – 1828 Democrats faced no challenges1830 Whig Party formed (aka National Republicans)- competed with DemocratsWhigs and Democrats were the two major political parties until the 1850’s
10 Unit 4 Elections Standards: 2.8, 3.6, 5.1 The Republican Party-1854 a group of breakaway Democrats and Whigs (many of whom opposed slavery) formed the Republican PartyRepublican Party replaced the Whig PartyRepublicans did not all agree on what to do about slavery in the South, but all agreed it had to be kept out of the Northern territories1860 Abraham Lincoln won election as first Republican president
11 Unit 4 Elections Standards: 2.8, 3.6, 5.1 Since 1854 Republicans and Democrats have been the 2 major political parties in the U.S.
14 Unit 4 Elections Standards: 2.8, 3.6, 5.1 Third PartiesCalled third parties because they challenge the 2 major partiesNo third party candidate has ever been elected presidentIdeological PartiesAn ideology is a set of beliefs about how people should interact and how governments should operate
15 Unit 4 Elections Standards: 2.8, 3.6, 5.1 Other Party SystemsMost democracies have multi-party systems where 3 or more parties compete for control of the government- one party rarely wins enough support to control the government so several parties must work together- very unstable systemCanadaGermanyIsraelOne party systems are not democratic because the one party controls all politicsChina- Communist
17 Unit 4 Elections Standards: 2.8, 3.6, 5.1 How the parties DifferMajor difference among parties is how much government involvement they believe should be in lives of Americans
18 How the Political Parties Differ Democrat:Democrats tend to believe the government should be more directly involved in regulating the economy and providing housing, income, education and jobs for the poorRepublican:Republicans tend to believe that if they help the nation’s economy grow, poor people will have a better chance of finding jobs and meeting their needs on their own- they favor less government regulation of the economy as a way to promote the growth of productionLiberal on LeftConservative on Right
21 Unit 4 Elections Standards: 2.8, 3.6, 5.1 Read party platform to know their views and beliefs on issuesPlatform- series of statements expressing the party’s principles, beliefs, and positions on election issuesEach individual part of the platform is called a plank
22 Unit 4 Elections Standards: 2.8, 3.6, 5.1 Section 2: Organization of American Political PartiesOrganization of Political PartiesDemocratic and Republican Parties are organized at the local, state, and national levelsState and Local OrganizationsEach city or county is divided into election districts or precinctsPrecinct- a geographic area that contains a specific number of votersAll voters in a precinct cast their ballots at the same voting placeThe precinct captain organizes party members and encourages voters on Election DayWard- geographically connected precincts
24 Unit 4 Elections Standards: 2.8, 3.6, 5.1 Primary ElectionsToday major parties in all states nominate candidates at all levels of government through direct primariesThe direct primary is an election in which voters choose candidates to represent each party in a general electionClosed Primary- election in which only declared members of a party are allowed to vote for that party’s nomineesOpen Primary- election in which voters do not need to declare their party preference in order to vote for the party’s nomineesMajority- when one candidate wins more than half of the votesIf no candidate receives a majority vote, the party holds a runoff primary between the top two vote gettersThe winner then becomes the party’s candidate in the general election