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Government Chapter 9.

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Presentation on theme: "Government Chapter 9."— Presentation transcript:

1 Government Chapter 9

2 Political Parties and Politics
Section 1

3 Key Terms Political Party: An association of voters with broad, common interests who want to influence or control decision making in govt. by electing the party’s candidate to public office. Two-party System: During most of American history there have been two major political parties. Third party: Parties that have rose to challenge the two major parties. Platform: Series of statements expressing the party’s principles, beliefs, and positions on election issues. Plank: Each individual part of the platform.

4 Political Party Political Parties were formed Members share:
Washington did not want this Pg. 218 “Americans in Action” Members share: Beliefs about politics Sense of proper role of govt. Pick candidates who share these beliefs

5 U.S. Anyone can join a party Not necessary:
To pay dues Take a test Vote Only necessary to declare yourself a member

6 Two-Party System During most of American history there have been two major political parties. Republican Democrats Both have millions of supporters Very strong Since 1860 one of the parties has held the presidency and most seats in Congress

7 Roots of Two-party Constitution does not mention parties Rival parties
Most delegates at convention were against them Two parties formed shortly after Washington became president Rival parties

8 Jefferson/Hamilton Thomas Jefferson: Alexander Hamilton
Favored individual rights Wanted to limit power of govt Argued for more power for state govt. Alexander Hamilton Believed rights were at risk if govt. was weak Favored strong govt. Wanted president to have more power

9 Democratic Party Thomas Jefferson formed the Democratic-Republican party 1828: Andrew Jackson became the leader Party split Jackson joined the Democratic Party

10 Federalist Party Led by Alexander Hamilton Party faded away 1816-1828:
Democratic Republicans faced no challenge

11 Whigs 1830: New party Whigs: Competed with newly named Democrats
National republicans Competed with newly named Democrats Whigs and Democrats remained the major parties until the 1850’s

12 Republican Party 1854: Breakaway democrats and Whigs
Opposed slavery Formed Republican Party Replaced the Whig Party 1860: Lincoln elected first Republican President Republicans and Democrats have been major parties in our system

13 Third Parties These parties have rose to influence politics
No third party has ever won a presidential election Rarely win major elections Called minor parties

14 Third Parties Can affect outcome of elections
May influence govt. and social policy Third parties have different beliefs Do believe that neither major party is meeting certain needs

15 Populists Third party 1890’s: Never won presidency
Farmers and laborers Called for direct election of senators 8-hour working day Never won presidency Two major parties adopted many of their ideas

16 Progressive Third Party Split from Republicans in 1912
Theodore Roosevelt Former Republican President Ran for President as a Progressive Took votes away form William Howard Taft Democratic Nominee Woodrow Wilson won the election Roosevelt played a “spoiler” role

17 Single Issue Parties Third parties arise to not win elections
Promote social, economic, or moral issues Single-issue party usually doesn’t last long Fades away if: Issue is no longer important Major party adopts issues

18 Prohibitionist Party Formed in 1872 Wanted to ban sale of alcohol
Did not expect to be elected Used election campaigns to influence citizens to accept their ideas Hoped to persuade lawmakers against sale of alcohol

19 Ideological Parties Focus on changing society in major ways
Socialist Labor Party Communist Party USA Libertarian Green Party

20 Socialist Labor/Communist
Socialist Labor Party Communist Party USA Support: Govt. ownership of factories Transportation Resources Farmland Other businesses

21 Libertarian Wants to cut size of govt. to increase individual rights

22 Green Party Oppose power of corporations
Favor decision making at the grassroots level

23 Independent Candidates
Form around candidates who are well-known but are not supported by the major parties Rarely win because of two-party tradition Often have a hard time raising money Single-member districts

24 Other Party Systems U.S. two-party system
Rare Most democracies have multiparty systems 3 or more parties compete for control Canada-3 Germany-5 Israel-20+ Parties represent different ideas about govt.

25 One-Party System Party and the govt. are nearly same thing
China has only 1 party Communist Only communist candidates are allowed to run for office Carry out the party’s orders

26 Today’s Major Parties Competing parties are necessary for a democratic govt. Give voters a choice among candidates

27 Basic Differences Involvement of govt. in the lives of Americans
Read the platform and planks each party writes This will say what the party claims it will do if they win

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