Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 1 SECTION 1 Sociology. What is Sociology? Sociology is the social science that studies human society and social behavior. Social scientists are."— Presentation transcript:
What is Sociology? Sociology is the social science that studies human society and social behavior. Social scientists are mainly interested in social interaction, or how people interact with each other. Sociologists tend to focus more on groups of people than on individuals.
The Sociological Perspective By adopting a sociological perspective, you can look beyond commonly held beliefs to hidden meanings behind human actions. What the sociological perspective tells you: All people are social beings Behavior is influenced by social factors Behavior is learned from others Helps you see the world through someone else’s eyes
Continued… This perspective can also help you find a balance between your desires and the demands of the social environment. (If you always do what others want, you won’t grow as an individual) Finally, this perspective can help you develop sociological imagination coined by C. Wright Mills. (Being able to see the connection between the larger world and your personal life)
Sociology’s Place in the Social Sciences Outside of sociology, the social sciences include; anthropology, psychology, economics, history, and political science. Anthropology deals with primitive societies, whereas sociology deals with more advanced societies. Psychology deals with individuals’ minds, whereas sociology deals with groups.
Sociology’s Place in the Social Sciences Sociologists share many areas of interest with economists, such as wealth gap between certain social classes. Political science and sociology overlap when talking about voting patterns, concentration of political power and formation of politically based groups. History and sociology both study past events in an effort to explain current social behaviors and attitudes.
Interpreting Visuals What might a sociologist find interesting about this photo?
Current Perspectives Theory- Explanation of relationships of facts. 3 Main Theoretical Perspectives- Set of ideas about how and why people and societies do what they do. Ideas about influences
Functionalism 1. Functionalists Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim Society is a set of interrelated parts working together to promote stability and solidarity. Society is held together through consensus. i.e. what do most people think is best for society?
Latent and Manifest Functions Manifest Function: An intended or recognized consequence of some element of society. Ex. An automobile providing speedy transportation Latent Function: The unintended and unrecognized consequence of an element of society. Ex. An automobile used to gain social standing through display of wealth
Functionalism Elements of the Concept of Functions; Positive and smooth running = Functional Negative outcome/ consequences = Dysfunctional Comte- Pointed out the need to keep society unified when many traditions were breaking down Ex. family, morals, government
Functionalism Spencer- Compared society to the human body with organs being the “parts” or institutions. These “parts” function interdependently to help the person (society) to survive.
Conflict Perspective 2. Conflict Perspective Karl Marx, Harriet Martineau (1 st female sociologist), Jane Addams, W.E.B. DuBois. Sees society as an arena of inequality that generates Conflict Change Competition
Conflict Perspective Sociologists study how factors such as: Social class Race Ethnicity Gender Age Are linked to a society’s unequal distribution of money, power, education and social prestige.
Symbolic Interaction 3. Symbolic Interactionists Max Weber Everyday interactions between individuals and the effects of their use of “symbols”. Symbols affect; Unity and solidarity Conflict and war