Presentation on theme: "SOCIOLOGY Chapter 1: The Sociological Point of View"— Presentation transcript:
1 SOCIOLOGY Chapter 1: The Sociological Point of View Section 1: Examining Social Life
2 Chapter ObjectivesExamine the nature of sociological inquiry or researchUnderstand the research done during the early years of sociologyList and explain the current theoretical perspectives of Sociology
3 Background We live in a complex social environment Our view of the world is shaped by ourdaily livesValuesBeliefsLife stylesHistoric eventsOur friendsOur familiesAll these factors help to mold us into the individuals we are today… we are different from one another, but many of us share the same perceptions and characteristics
4 What is SociologyIt is the science that studies human society and social behaviorSociologist aremainly interested in social interaction: how people relate to one another and influence one another’s behaviorAlways focusing on the group rather than on the individualThey examine the social phenomenon which is the observable fact of event
6 The Sociological Perspective Sociologists look at everyday events in different ways to look beyond common held beliefs to the hidden messages behind human actionsOur behavior is the result of social factors and that we have learned our behavior from others
7 By adopting a sociological perspective, we can Increase our sense of what is possibleSee beyond our day to day worldThink and act in different waysHelp us find an acceptable balance between our personal desires and demands of our social environment
8 How Sociology helps usWe can gain insight into how our social environment shapes us and we can in turn shape our environmentThe ability to see the connection between the larger world and our personal lives is what is known as sociological imaginationthis was termed by C. Wright Mills
9 Sociological Imagination “ The sociological imagination, I remind you, in considerable part consists of the capacity to shift from one perspective to another, and in the process to built up an adequate view of a total society and of its components. It is this imagination, of course, that sets off the social scientist from the mere technician.” C. Wright Mills
10 What it does!It enables the sociologist to see the broad social issues behind individual problems while appreciating that those broad social issues affect the lives of individualsSocial issuesIndividual lives
11 For example!Scenario: Bob, middle-aged man, unemployed for the last yearSociological imagination moves the sociologist beyond their concern for Bob’s unemployed status to see the social phenomenon of unemployment that affects way more than just Bob!
12 It gives people the ability to see the connections between the larger world and their personal problems. SITUATION A: A 15 year old high school student becomes pregnant by her 16 year old boyfriend.
13 Describe some of the social consequences for the following people or groups: The pregnant studentThe girl’s boyfriendThe parents of the girlThe parents of the boySchool officialsSociety as a whole
14 SITUATION B:A 17 year old high school student is caught under the influence of drugs at school.
15 Describe some of the social consequences for the following people or groups: The student using drugsThe student’s classmatesThe parents of the student on drugsSchool officialsSociety as a whole
16 Sociology’s Place in the Social Sciences All related disciplines that study various aspects of human social behavior are called the social sciencesThey include:
17 #1 AnthropologyComparative study of various aspects of past and present cultures and is the closest to sociology
18 #2 PsychologyStudy that deals with the behavior and thinking of organismsFocuses on individual behavior rather than on group behaviorAreas of interest are: personality, perception, motivation, learning
19 #3 Social PsychologyStudy of how an individual’s behavior and psychology are affected by the social environment
20 #4 EconomicsStudy of the choices people make in an effort to satisfy wants and needsExamine:Process by which goods and services are produced, distributed, and consumedEffects of government policies on economic growth and stability
21 #5 Political ScienceExamines the organization and operation of governmentsAreas of mutual interest with sociology include:Voting patterns, concentration of political power, formation of politically based groups
22 #6 History Study of past events Sociologists are interested in past events in an effort to explain current social behaviors and attitudes
23 Social Sciences MergeOver time, the divisions between the social sciences have become less distinct and borrow freely from one another in order to better understand the social forces that shape our lives
24 How Sociology Affects You! Think about how your life is influenced by the values, beliefs, lifestyles, historic events, and experiences of those around youEx: impact of technology on your life is sociologicalEx: impact of Internet on your life is sociologicalEx: impact of crime on your life is sociological