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An Invitation to Sociology

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Presentation on theme: "An Invitation to Sociology"— Presentation transcript:

1 An Invitation to Sociology

2 The Sociological Perspective
Perspective - particular point of view Example- your baby is cuter, brighter, etc. than your friends baby Sociology - Scientific study of social structure (human social behavior) Sociological Perspective - view that looks at behavior of GROUPS, not individuals example - relationship between women employment and family size

3 Social Sciences Sociology
Anthropology (investigates preliterate societies) Psychology (human, mental and emotional processes) Economics Political Science (Government) History

4 Social Structure Patterned interaction of people in social relationships Example - students and teachers relate in similar and patterned ways (in all societies) Sociologists look at the power of groups and how behavior changes in different situations Example - riot after championships, power of the group Why conform (acceptance) Sociological imagination - ability to see the link between society and self Challenges group assumptions Example - married couples must have children

5 The Origin of Sociology
Auguste Comte “father of Sociology” Positivism - knowledge should be derived from scientific observation (must be sure) Looked at social statics (stability and order) and social dynamics (social change)

6 More sociologists Harriet Martineau - emphasized sociology as a science and feminism Herbert Spencer - Social Darwinism and evolution of social change Karl Marx - social scientist that looked at changing society, concerned about poverty and working class

7 Marxism Identified several social classes, but said eventually there would only be 2 Bourgeoisie (capitalists) - class that owns the wealth Proletariat - work for the bourgeoisie Class conflict - struggle that will always exist between the 2 groups

8 More sociologists Emile Durkheim - 1st to use statistical methods to study groups, 1st to teach Sociology at a University Mechanical solidarity - working societies / preindustrial societies, more conformity Organic solidarity - industrial society, based on specialized roles

9 Last of sect. 2 Max Weber - humans react based on their understanding of the situation Verstehen - putting yourself in the place of others Rationalization - mind - set that emphasizes knowledge, reason and planning Jane Addams - social reformer, spent her life working on social issues Hull House in Chicago

10 Theoretical Perspectives
A set of assumptions accepted as true 3 perspectives: 1. FUNCTIONALISM - approach that emphasizes the contributions made by each part of society - society may change but it will return to a stable state - society is relatively whole Society rests on consensus

11 2 kinds of functions 1. Manifest function - intended and recognized (schools teach math) 2. Latent function - unintended and unrecognized (schools build relationships) Dysfunction - negative consequences DMV - are all rude people

12 2nd Theoretical Perspective
2. CONFLICT PERSPECTIVE - approach that emphasizes conflict, competition and constraint - society is inconsistent and subject to change - involves coercing members in the group - life is a competition Power- ability to control others

13 3rd Theoretical Perspective
3. SYMBOLIC INTERACTION - focuses on interactions based on shared symbols Red light means stop Guide behavior towards other reactions Symbol - anything that stands for something else but has an agreed upon meaning Flag and eagle - patriotism DRAMATURGY - least thought of approach that depicts human interaction as theoretical

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