Presentation on theme: "Psychology = the study of the mind and behavior"— Presentation transcript:
1 Psychology = the study of the mind and behavior What is it?Psyche = Mind-ology = study ofPsychology = the study of the mind and behaviorPsyche = mind, -ology = study ofIt’s the study of behavior and mental processes
2 Some Terms You Need to Know Cognitive – of or relating to thought processesTheory – statement that attempts to explain how or why something operates, base hypothesis off ofHypothesis – an educated guessPrinciple – rule or law of how things operateConscious – fully awareUnconscious – not aware, not at the front of your mind
3 Brief History of Psychology Roots from Ancient Greece“Know thyself”Introspection – looking withinAssociationism – make connections with past experiencesMiddle AgesPossession by demonsWilhelm WundtStructuralism: break down thoughts into basicsObjective sensations: our senses like sight, touchSubjective feelings: emotions and mental imagesClip of the office?
4 Brief History of Psychology William JamesFunctionalismMental processes help you adapt to environmentJohn B. WatsonBehaviorismDetermined to make psychology a measurable science and focused on observable behaviorClip of the office?
5 Brief History of Psychology B.F. SkinnerReinforcementBehave because we are reinforced (rewarded) for “correct” behaviorGestaltNeed to look at the whole picture rather than parts, opposite of structuralismClip of big bang, ABCD 12,13,14,15Draw the circles showing that they are in fact the same size initiallyFreud more than anyone else elevated psychology into pop cultureclassic couch scenario
6 Brief History of Psychology FreudFather of modern psychologyPsychoanalysis (school of thought/psychology)Unconscious motives and internal conflicts determine our behaviorPsychodynamic TheoryThe theory behind psychoanalysisClip of big bang, ABCD 12,13,14,15Draw the circles showing that they are in fact the same size initiallyFreud more than anyone else elevated psychology into pop cultureclassic couch scenario
8 Schools of Psychology PPT Create a title slideCreate 1 slide for each of the 6 Schools of Psychology which will include/answer:What are they studying?What are their key assumptions?What is their main form of research (are they mainly in or out of a lab, short vs. long term studies, surveys, do they use more than one of these tools?)Include at least two pictures that relate to each school of psychologyUse your book and the internet for researchSchools of psychology are like political parties, you have the big ones and then a bunch that only a few care about and you have subdivisions
9 Your Name Period # Include at least one image related to psychology Schools of PsychologyYour NamePeriod #Include at least one image related to psychology
10 Schools of Psychology Psycho-biological Behaviorial Cognitive HumanisiticPsychoanalyticSociocultural
11 Key Assumptions Nature Nurture Genetics Brain chemistry Any biological factor that could influence your thought processNurtureEnvironment affects your development and behaviorEvents and social factors that influence your development and personality