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Schools of Psychology & Founders
Psychology The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Structuralism: Wilhelm Wundt Interested in the basic elements of the human experience Introspection: Reporting your thoughts in a controlled situation My psychology teacher is weird
Functionalism: William James Actions of conscious mind & goals of behavior Functionalists study how animals adapt to their environments Father of U.S. psychology
Sir Francis Galton Coined the principle of nature vs. nurture Examines abilities people are born with
Psychoanalytic Psychology: Sigmund Freud Unconscious motivations/ conflicts are responsible for most human behavior
Behavioralists: Study how organisms learn or modify their behavior based on their response to events in the environment.
Ivan Pavlov: Famous for his experiments on dogs.
John Watson Known for his experiment on baby Albert.
B.F. Skinner: introduced the concept of reinforcement Reinforcement : A response to a behavior that increases the likelihood of it being repeated
Humanists: Maslow & Rogers Believe that each person has freedom in directing his or her future and achieving personal growth People are unique
Abraham Maslow Became known for his hierarchy of needs.
Carl Rogers Person- centered therapy
Cognitive Psychology: Piaget Focus on how the brain processes, stores and uses info. and how that influences people’s thinking
Biological Psychology Psychobiologists: Study how physical and chemical changes in our bodies influence our behavior.
Gestalt Psychology: Kohler & Koffka Studied how sensations are assembled into parts Gestalt means “whole pattern”
Sociocultural Psychology Studies the influence of cultural and ethnic similarities and differences on behavior and social functioning
Why Study Psychology? Physiological – having to do with an organism’s physical processes Cognitive –having to do with an organism’s thinking and understanding.
Questions for focus: Who are the major contributors to the field of psychology? What are the major fields in psychology? What are the major subfields.
Structuralism and Functionalism
Psychology = the study of the mind and behavior
Introduction to Psychology Chapter 1. Define the following vocabulary words PsychologicalCognitivePsychologyHypothesisTheory Basic Science Applied Science.
+ Psychology’s Roots Founding & History of Psychology.
History of Psychology.
WHS AP Psychology Unit 1: Science of Psychology Essential Task 1-3: Trace the growth of psychology with specific attention to structuralism and functionalism.
A Brief History of Psychology Chapter 1 Section 2.
Tuesday, August 25 Objective: Trace the historical and philosophical development of Psychology as a science Assignment: Complete Fields of Psychology chart.
general psychology Firouz meroei milan Approaches and Schools of Psychology 1.
INTRODUCING PSYCHOLOGY Psychology: scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
What is Psychology? An Introduction to the Study of Human Behavior.
Approaches to Psychology. Historical Approaches Structuralism: Elements of the Mind Wilhelm Wundt Wilhelm Wundt The study of the most basic elements.
A Brief History of Psychology Mr. Young 1st and 6th Period
Chapter 1: Introducing Psychology
The History of Psychology Psychology Period 7 Mr. Merrill No- you don’t have to take notes…yet Just listen…for now…
© Richard Goldman September 18, 2006
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