Presentation on theme: "ANCIENT GREECE 1900-133 BCE. Agenda Bellringer (10 min) Circle Map (10 min) Notes (30 min) Letter (20 min) Fall of Rome Video and Questions (15 min) Project."— Presentation transcript:
Agenda Bellringer (10 min) Circle Map (10 min) Notes (30 min) Letter (20 min) Fall of Rome Video and Questions (15 min) Project (5 min) Everyday Bellringer Question Explain how the artifact you created/photographed/found is representative of one of the civilizations we studied yesterday.
Teacher Choice: As you go through the powerpoint, have the students fill out charts for Greece and Rome. You may also take Cornell Notes. SPRITE Social Political Religious International Technology Economics
ATHENS Early Athens was ruled by a king and later by an oligarchy. After a series of bad rulers, Athenians would unite and create a democracy. Democracy is governed by the people or rule of the many.
SPARTA ***Sparta was a military state governed by an oligarchy, rule by the few.*** Spartan men were bred to be warriors and nothing else.
RELIGION The Greeks were polytheistic. In Greece, Gods were seen as unpredictable, cruel, and powerful.
PHILOSOPHY Philosophy is an organized system of thought or “love of wisdom.”
SOCRATES Socrates – Believed that the only goal in education was to improve the individual. He used the Socratic method, question and answer, to teach. “The unexamined life is not worth living.”
PLATO He believed that society should be divided into three basic groups: an upper class of philosophers and kings, a second group of warriors, and a third group containing the rest.
ARISTOTLE Aristotle analyzed 158 states and their governments and concluded that only three forms of government were truly effective: Monarchy, Aristocracy, Constitutional Government.
ALEXANDER THE GREAT Macedonian King 356-323 BCE. Only 20 years old when he became king.
ALEXANDER’S LEGACY Alexander took Syria, Palestine, and Egypt, and the Persian Empire. ***Alexander’s conquests led to the Hellenistic Era where Greek language, architecture, literature, and art spread throughout the world.***
Important Contributions from Greece Art Democracy Drama Philosophy Literature The Olympics
The Geography of Rome- Geography is Destiny Rome’s power grew due to its geography. Close to the sea and in the middle of Europe, it became the epicenter of Europe.
The Roman Builders- All over the Empire Roads that still last Aqueducts- bringing water to every important city Forum- public area of the city- center- oration etc. Theaters- for entertainment- drama Coliseums- more fun, fights, gladiators, animals
Early History Rome was founded in 753 B.C. In 509 B.C. Rome becomes a Republic (a government with no monarch and the people vote for their representatives)
Twelve Tables In 451 B.C. Rome develops the Twelve Tables These laws influenced future generations greatly.
Julius Caesar and the end of the Republic In 60 B.C., three men named Pompey, Crassus and Julius Caesar formed an alliance known as the First Triumvirate. In 49 B.C., Caesar became Rome’s first dictator. Caesar was assassinated in 44 B.C.
Terrible Rulers Caligula (37-41 A.D.), Nero (54-68 A.D.), and other terrible rulers weakened the power of the Roman Empire.
The Rise of Christianity Around 30 A.D. Jesus Christ is crucified. When Rome burns in 64 A.D., Nero blames Christians and they are persecuted for the next 200 years. Constantine becomes the first Christian Emperor of Rome. In 313 A.D., The Edict of Milan proclaimed official tolerance of Christianity.
Christianity’s Core Beliefs One God. Jesus Christ is God’s son and the path to salvation. The Bible is the Holy book.
Fall of Rome In 395 A.D., Rome divides itself in half (it got too big). In 476 A.D., the western half of the empire falls to the Visigoths.
The Legacy of Rome Republic Government Roman Law Latin Language-Spanish, Italian,French Roman Catholic Church Roman Engineering Aqueducts Aqueducts Sewage systems Sewage systems Dams Dams Cement Cement Arch Arch
Letter Christians were persecuted in Rome. Some Christians even died for their faith (martyrs). Create a letter from the perspective of an imprisoned martyr where you explain your faith to a captor OR create a letter from the point of view of the Romans.
Fall of Rome Rome Video As you watch the video, answer the following two questions. 1. Why did Rome fall? 2. What will be the consequences of Rome’s fall?