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By Yash Gandhi, Mariah Kock, Emily Geisler, and Samuel Saldinger

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1 By Yash Gandhi, Mariah Kock, Emily Geisler, and Samuel Saldinger
Mental Illnesses By Yash Gandhi, Mariah Kock, Emily Geisler, and Samuel Saldinger

2 What is Mental Illness? Mental Illnesses are disorders that affect a persons thought, emotions, and behavior/attitudes. Paranoia Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Anxiety Disorder Depression Bipolar disorder Etc… 1 out of every people 6 have a mental illnesses

3 Causes of Mental Illness
Stressful Events Things like, Bad grades, Family Issues, having a disease that is life-threatening, poor nutrition or substance abuse. (Drugs, Alcohol, etc…) Inherited Traits Some mental illnesses run in families, passed on by genes.

4 Anxiety Disorders Causes constant worry, nervousness, or panic.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Some people develop everyday rituals Such as excessive counting or washing Can cause unhappiness and depression How to treat? Medicines and counseling usually helps treat people with OCD successfully Types of people with OCD Washers- afraid of contamination Checkers- constantly checking things (lights out, fan off, ect.) that they associate with danger Counters and arrangers- obsessed with order and symmetry Hoarders- fear something bad is going to happen if they throw away anything

5 Anxiety Disorders Cont.
Panic Disorder Causes people to have brief periods of extreme anxiety Panic attacks During panic attacks people may feel like they are having a heart attack. People with panic disorder may experience fast heart rate, difficulty breathing, shaking and lightheadedness How to treat? Counseling and medicine is also successful

6 Phobias Phobias are also a part of anxiety disorders
Panic attacks that are triggered by specific things are called phobias Common phobias include Animals, spiders, flying insects, etc. Social phobia A disorder that causes people to fear social situations Such as meeting new people or giving a speech Social phobia could cause people to have panic attacks and may cause them to have awkward social skills

7 Mood disorders Illness in which people have uncontrollable mood changes Bipolar Mood Disorder is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. also known as manic-depressive illness develops in a person’s late teens or early adult years May experience hallucinations or delusions Hearing voices when no one is there May believe that they are famous Depression A disorder that causes a mood of extreme sadness and hopelessness

8 Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a disorder in which a person breaks form reality in several different ways. People do not always show same symptoms Most express little emotion People have hallucinations or delusions Such as someone telling them to do something Often feel paranoia Paranoia is the belief that people what to harm someone Unorganized thinking Could lead to nonsense speech Periods where body is frozen in position How to treat? Usually requires long-term counseling

9 Conclusion Even though people with mental disorders may require lots of attention and help they can often live happy lives despite their problems.

10 Bibliography Allen, Katy Z. Holt Decisions for Health. Austin, TX: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Print.

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