Presentation on theme: "By Yash Gandhi, Mariah Kock, Emily Geisler, and Samuel Saldinger"— Presentation transcript:
1 By Yash Gandhi, Mariah Kock, Emily Geisler, and Samuel Saldinger Mental IllnessesBy Yash Gandhi, Mariah Kock, Emily Geisler, and Samuel Saldinger
2 What is Mental Illness?Mental Illnesses are disorders that affect a persons thought, emotions, and behavior/attitudes.ParanoiaObsessive-Compulsive DisorderAnxiety DisorderDepressionBipolar disorderEtc…1 out of every people 6 have a mental illnesses
3 Causes of Mental Illness Stressful EventsThings like, Bad grades, Family Issues, having a disease that is life-threatening, poor nutrition or substance abuse. (Drugs, Alcohol, etc…)Inherited TraitsSome mental illnesses run in families, passed on by genes.
4 Anxiety Disorders Causes constant worry, nervousness, or panic. Obsessive Compulsive DisorderSome people develop everyday ritualsSuch as excessive counting or washingCan cause unhappiness and depressionHow to treat?Medicines and counseling usually helps treat people with OCD successfullyTypes of people with OCDWashers- afraid of contaminationCheckers- constantly checking things (lights out, fan off, ect.) that they associate with dangerCounters and arrangers- obsessed with order and symmetryHoarders- fear something bad is going to happen if they throw away anything
5 Anxiety Disorders Cont. Panic DisorderCauses people to have brief periods of extreme anxietyPanic attacksDuring panic attacks people may feel like they are having a heart attack.People with panic disorder may experience fast heart rate, difficulty breathing, shaking and lightheadednessHow to treat?Counseling and medicine is also successful
6 Phobias Phobias are also a part of anxiety disorders Panic attacks that are triggered by specific things are called phobiasCommon phobias includeAnimals, spiders, flying insects, etc.Social phobiaA disorder that causes people to fear social situationsSuch as meeting new people or giving a speechSocial phobia could cause people to have panic attacks and may cause them to have awkward social skills
7 Mood disordersIllness in which people have uncontrollable mood changesBipolar Mood Disorderis a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks.also known as manic-depressive illnessdevelops in a person’s late teens or early adult yearsMay experience hallucinations or delusionsHearing voices when no one is thereMay believe that they are famousDepressionA disorder that causes a mood of extreme sadness and hopelessness
8 SchizophreniaSchizophrenia is a disorder in which a person breaks form reality in several different ways.People do not always show same symptomsMost express little emotionPeople have hallucinations or delusionsSuch as someone telling them to do somethingOften feel paranoiaParanoia is the belief that people what to harm someoneUnorganized thinkingCould lead to nonsense speechPeriods where body is frozen in positionHow to treat?Usually requires long-term counseling
9 ConclusionEven though people with mental disorders may require lots of attention and help they can often live happy lives despite their problems.
10 BibliographyAllen, Katy Z. Holt Decisions for Health. Austin, TX: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Print.