Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 3 NOTES Mental health – the state of mental well-being in which one can cope with the demands of daily life."— Presentation transcript:
1 CHAPTER 3 NOTESMental health – the state of mental well-being in which one can cope with the demands of daily life.
2 Do you feel good about yourself? Can you cope with problems effectively?Can you work through your problems with your friends?Do you have close friendships?Mentally healthy people can say yes most of the time to these questions.
3 Mentally and emotionally healthy people have the following characteristics: a sense of controlability to endure failures and frustrationsability to see events positivelyability to express emotions in a healthy way
4 Defense MechanismsDefense mechanisms are techniques we use to protect ourselves from being hurt. They provide a way to deal with problems and maintain self-esteem. Too much reliance on defense mechanisms is not healthy if they are constantly used to avoid facing an issue.
5 Self-esteem – having high self-esteem is important in developing and maintaining good mental health. Self-esteem is feeling good about yourself and the things you do. “A sense of confidence”High self-esteem gives you a sense of control
6 Self-concept – your current mental image of yourself, sometimes positive, sometimes negative. Self-ideal – your mental image of what you would like to be, should be realistic.(self acceptance)Integrity- doing what you know is the right thing
7 Communication StylesPassive – offers no resistance when challenged or pressuredAggressive – hostile or unfriendly, usually makes conflicts bigger.Assertive – healthy communication style that is direct and respectful
8 SYMPTOMS OF MENTAL ILLNESS too much or too little sleepfeeling of extreme sadnessunexplained mood changesdrug or alcohol abuseinability to concentrateextreme anxiety or irrational fearpersonality changesfalse perceptions of reality
9 Types of Mental Disorders Anxiety disorders – constant fear, physical symptoms do not subside, chest pain, difficulty breathing, phobias are an example.Phobias – irrational fearsPanic disorder – extreme terror, may come on very quicklyObsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) – uncontrollable thought and actions usually repetitive (rituals)Post-traumatic stress disorderEating disorders (often OCD related) see chap. 5
10 SIGNS of DEPRESSIONlack of energywithdrawal from peopleloss of appetite or over eatingtoo much or too little sleepfeelings of helplessness or hopelessnessDepression – feeling of sadness, loneliness, hopelessness, and despair.
11 Factors linked to depression: Family history, major life stress, physical illness, substance abuseManaging depression – try to identify why you feel that way. Put things in perspective, focus on positiveHelp for Mental Disorders:PsychotherapyGroup therapyMedication
12 Other mental disorders: ADHD – attention deficit/hyperactivity disorderInattentive or impulsively hyperactive to the point that daily activities are hard to complete-easily distracted, difficulty following directions and completing tasksHypochondria – belief of illness when none is presentBipolar disorder (manic/depressive)- uncontrollable cycles of extreme happiness and then depressionSchizophrenia – false perceptions of reality, hallucinations and/or delusions. Usually presents itself in late teens to mid 20’s, begins as friendly, comforting voices that eventually become mean and frightening/violent. This disorder only affects about 2-3% of the population