2 Grammar in Content Read about Arthur and Karen. Hey! How was your summer?It was great! I was at a business seminar in Florida. Bill Gates was there! I talked to him for a few minutes. I also dropped in on a friend for lunch. We didn’t cook anything. Instead, we walked to a café near his house.
3 The Simple Past TenseComplete the chart with positive and negative statements.What about Contractions?SubjectverbIin Tokyo last night.HeSheIthard yesterday.You*WeTheyDenise last week.arriveddid not arrivedidn’tworkeddid not workdidn’tcalleddid not calldidn’t*You is either singular or plural.
4 NotesWe use the simple past to talk about events that happened and are now finished.I worked.I studied.I called.last weekyesterdaylast nighttoday
5 Exercise A Raise your hand if the statement is false. Answers: False TrueArthur’s summer wasn’t good.Bill Gates was there.Arthur didn’t drop in on his friend.Arthur and his friend cooked lunch.Arthur’s friend drove them to lunch.
6 Spelling Verbs in the –ed Form Look at the chart.Base form-ing formRuleswork walkworkedwalkedFor most verbs: add ed.livedanceliveddancedFor verbs ending in a consonant + e: add d only.studycrystudiedcriedFor verbs that end in a consonant +y: change y to i and add ed.playenjoyplayedenjoyedFor verbs that end in a vowel +y: add ed.Continued on next slide.
7 Spelling Verbs in the –ed Form Look at the chart.Base form-ing formRulesdrophugdroppedhuggedFor one-syllable verbs that end in a consonant + vowel + consonant: double the final consonant and add ed.showrelaxshowedrelaxedFor verbs ending w or x: do not double the final consonant. Just add ed.happenopendistracthappenedopeneddistractedFor two-syllable verbs that end in a consonant + vowel + consonant: if the first syllable is stressed, add ed. Do not double the consonant.preferadmitcommitpreferredadmittedcommittedFor two-syllable verbs that end in a consonant + vowel + consonant: if the second syllable is stressed, double the consonant and add ed.
8 Exercise BRaise your hand if the statement is in the present progressive tense.Answers:walkedcriedCorrect4. playedI walkt 12 miles yesterday.He cryed at the end of the movie.She danced when she was younger.They plaid with the children.
9 Grammar in Content Read about Arthur and Karen. Hey! How was your summer?This time, try saying these verbs:It was great! I was at a business seminar in Florida. Bill Gates was there! I talked to him for a few minutes. I also dropped in on a friend for lunch. We didn’t cook anything. Instead, we walked to a café near his house.
10 Pronunciation Notes Complete the chart. Verbs that end in Pronounce the third person -sthe sounds f, k, p, s, ch, or shthe sounds b, g, j, l, m, n, ng, r, th, v, z, or zhd or t/t/ as in “cooked” and “helped”/d/ as in “played” and “used”/id/ as in “wanted” and “needed”
11 Exercise C Practice aloud with a partner. Use these verbs in a past tense sentence. Help and correct each other.walkcookadmitworkcryplay
12 Grammar in Content Read about Alison. Let’s see… what did I do yesterday? I took a test in English. I ate dinner. I bought a new computer. I needed toothpaste, so I went to the convenience store. I called my house, but I didn’t speak to my sister.
13 Irregular VerbsComplete the chart with positive and negative statements.SubjectverbIin a restaurant last night.HeSheItYou*WeTheyatedid not eatdidn’t eat*You is either singular or plural.
14 NotesIrregular verbs do not have the –ed ending in the past tense. Here are some common irregular verbs and their past tense forms.be / was, werebuy / boughtcome / camedo / didget / gotgive / gavego / wenthave / hadleave / leftmake / madesell / soldspeak / spokemeet / madepay / paidput / putsee / sawtake / tookwrite / wroteSee appendix 4 on page 232 for more irregular verbs and their simple past forms.
15 ? Exercise D Ask a partner the question. Next, answer for yourself. What did you doWhen did youlast night?last Thursday?this morning?yesterday?last Summer?eat breakfast?study?write a letter?shop?meet your friend??last weekyesterdaylast nighttoday
16 Review Subject verb I in Tokyo last night. He She It hard yesterday. You*WeTheyDenise last week.arriveddid not arriveworkeddid not workcalleddid not call*You is either singular or plural.