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Regular and Irregular Verbs

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1 Regular and Irregular Verbs
The Simple Past Tense Regular and Irregular Verbs By: Marichel Robinson Patricia Salom

2 How do we form the simple past tense?
There are two types of verbs in the past tense: REGULAR VERBS AND IRREGULAR VERBS Look at the following list of past tense verbs… Which verbs are REGULAR and which are IRREGULAR? needed regular came irregular played regular bought irregular studied regular became irregular jumped regular caught irregular

3 Regular verbs are verbs that… end with –ed.
Simple Form Past Form play played jump jumped bury buried study studied

4 Irregular verbs are verbs that… don’t end with –ed.
Some Irregular verbs have a vowel change in the past tense: Simple Form Past Tense become became give gave drive drove forget forgot

5 Other irregular verbs have a different kind of change.
Example: Simple Form Past Form teach taught sell sold take took drive drove build built

6 And some Irregular Verbs don’t change at all…
Example: Simple Form Past hit hit put put set set Elizabeth sets the table everyday. Elizabeth set the table yesterday.

7 For Regular Verbs, simply use the –ed form of the verb in a positive sentence.
Example: Yesterday, mom worked at the office until eight o’clock. Melissa lived and studied in Piura when she was a child. Be careful with spelling changes!

8 For Irregular Verbs use the correct past tense form in positive sentences.
Unfortunately, these forms must be memorized! Last week, I sent you a present for your birthday. The girl gave a speech in English. She did a great job!

9 For negative sentences use…
Did not or didn’t verb simple form I went to the party yesterday. Andrea didn’t go to the party yesterday because she was sick.

10 Exception = Verb to be ! The verb “to be” is special.
Never use did not or didn’t with the verb “to be.” Instead, just use: Was or were + not

11 Meaning and Use We use the Simple Past Tense…
To complete actions in the past. Common time expressions used with the past tense… The day before yesterday Last summer yesterday Last year Last week Last month recently Two days ago

12 Examples: I met Jimena yesterday.
Last Friday, we went to the party together. My parents were married ten years ago. These actions are over, finished!

13 The –ed ending has: Three different sounds t – d - id
Pronunciation of Regular Verbs… The –ed ending has: Three different sounds t – d - id Some regular verbs end with a “t” sound. Example: walked, laughed, washed, jumped, and talked.

14 Some regular verbs end with “d” sound
Some regular verbs end with “d” sound. Example: planned, played, learned, loved, and answered.

15 Other regular verbs end with an “id” sound.
Example: Simple form Past form invite invited wait waited decide decided need needed

16 Practice Now make a list of which –ed verbs have a “t” sound, which have a “d” sound and which have an “id” sound. With practice you can start to learn and memorize correct pronunciation.

17 Keep learning! Good job!

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