2 USE OF THE PAST SIMPLEWe use the past simple to describe finished actions or situations in the past.
3 FORM OF THE PAST SIMPLE Regular Verbs Irregular Verbs We have to study them as they have special forms in the past.eat-atespeak-spokehave-hadWe add –ed in all persons.talk-talkedplay-played
4 AFFIRMATIVE I played I ate You played You ate He/she/it played We playedThey playedI ateYou ateHe/she/it ateWe ateThey ate
5 NEGATIVEIn the negative form we use did not or didn’t and the verb in the present form.I did not (didn’t) playYou did not (didn’t) playHe/she/it did not (didn’t) playWe did not (didn’t) playThey did not (didn’t) playI did not (didn’t) eatYou did not (didn’t) eatHe/she/it did not (didn’t) eatWe did not (didn’t) eatThey did not (didn’t) eat
6 INTERROGATIVE Did I play? Did I eat? Did you play? Did you eat? In the interrogative form we use did and the question mark at the end ? and again the verb in the present form.Did I play?Did you play?Did he/she/it play?Did we play?Did they play?Did I eat?Did you eat?Did he/she/it eat?Did we eat?Did they eat?
7 SHORT ANSWERS Did you play? Yes, I did/ No, I didn’t Did she eat? Yes, she did/ No, she didn’tDid they study?Yes, they did/ No, they didn’t
8 SPELLING RULES with the Regular Verbs Regular verbs ending in –e, add d only:like – liked arrive - arrivedRegular verb with one syllable, with a single vowel and ending in a single consonant, double the final consonant:stop - stopped rob - robbedRegular verbs ending in a consonant + -y, change the –y into i and add ed:Study – studied cry -criedHowever regular verbs ending in a vowel + -y, add ed:Play – played stay -stayed
9 PRONUNCIATION OF THE -ED in the Regular Verbs We pronounce: /id/ when the verb ends in –t, -d or in the sound /t/ or /d/exist-existed attend-attended decide–decidedhate–hated invite–invited rent-rented shout-shoutedIn the other cases we pronounce:/t/ or /d/ and it doesn’t matter if you pronounce /t/ or /d/::clean- cleaned close- closed dance–dancedlike–liked live–lived love-loved play-played