2 Simple PastAny event, activity, or state that started and finished in the pastKey words: yesterday …last …… agoRegular verbswork talk stay studyIrregular verbssee have go drive
3 Spelling Rules for Regular Verbs Most regular verbs, add –ed to change to past tense: walk listen need 1. close live die continue 2. try study hurry play?Rule 1:Final e, add dRule 2:Final consonant + y, change y to i, + ed
4 Spelling Rules for Regular Verbs 3. shop jog chat rain? fax? 4. prefer permit happen? listen?Remember:Don’t double lettersw, x, or yRule 3:One-syllable verb with a consonant + vowel + consonant as final three letters, double the final consonant + edRule 4:Two syllable verb with final consonant + vowel + consonant and the last syllable is stressed, double final consonant + ed
6 Pronunciation of -ed Three different pronunciations of -ed Which is the correct pronunciation of the –ed in these regular verbs?Three different pronunciations of -ed1. /t/ 2. /d/ 3. /id/likedrainedwantedstayedassistedcalledhelpedcloseddecidedlookedwatchedpaintedPronunciaton rule:Final /t/ or /d/ before –ed, pronounce –ed as /id/
7 Pronunciation of -ed Three different pronunciations of -ed Which is the correct pronunciation of the –ed in these regular verbs?Three different pronunciations of -ed1. /t/ /d/ /id/workedsurprisedwantedlivedassistedreturnedlaughedchangeddecidedwatchedlookedneededPronunciaton rule:Final /t/ or /d/ before –ed, pronounce –ed as /id/
9 Irregular VerbsNeed to memorize See handout Practice every day! HOMEWORK FOR MONDAY!
10 To be I You He She It We They People Everyone PASTPRESENTIYouHeSheItWeTheyPeopleEveryoneI am You are He is She is It is We are They are People Everyone
11 Tell your partner – use past tense verbs! How did you celebrate your last birthday?When did you move to the U.S.?When did you learn to drive?Why did you start taking classes at MiraCosta College?How did you learn to speak English so well?What did you do yesterday after school?What did you do this morning?What did you do last Saturday night?Where were you last Sunday morning?
12 Online PracticePractice 1Unit 6and now, writing practice …
13 Questions and negatives in simple past tense Make these affirmative sentences into questions and negativesSentence Question NegativeI studied English.She worked yesterday.They took a vacation.He had a day off.I was absent last week.They were on break.It was a holiday.
14 Questions and negatives in simple past tense Question formation:Did + subject + verb + ?Was / Were + subject + verb + ?Negation:Subject + did not (didn’t) + verbSubject + was / were not (wasn’t / weren’t) + …
15 Practice Online Practice (optional): type in the questions and negativesPartner speaking practice
16 Questions about past tense More practice to come …Inform the instructor if you would like additional practice!
17 Simple Past TenseActions, events, states that started and finished in the past (…ago, last …, yesterday… )Regular verbs: -edIrregular verbs: change spelling, memorize
18 Tell your partner – use past tense verbs! What did you do yesterday?What did you do last Saturday night?Where were you last Sunday morning?What did you do to celebrate your last birthday?When did you move to the U.S.?When did you learn to drive?Why did you start taking classes at MiraCosta College?How did you learn to speak English so well?
19 Past Continuous: Three Uses Use 1: Past actions that were in progress at a particular time in the past; actions that were not yet finished at a past timeErika’s Schedule8 – 9: had breakfast9 – 10: finished her homework10 – 11: exercised11 – 12: cooked lunch12 – 2: shopped2 – 5: talked to a friend on the phoneAt 8:30, Erika _________________ breakfast.At 9:15, she ___________________ her homework.At 10:30, she _____________________.At 11:30, she ___________________ lunch.At 12:30, she ___________________.At 3, she ______________ to a friend.
20 Tell a classmate – use past continuous verbs: I was _______ing Where were you last Thursday at 8 p.m.? What were you doing?What were you doing Friday at 5 p.m.? Where were you? Who were you with?What were you doing Sunday morning at 7 a.m.?What were you doing last night at this time?What were you doing last week at this time?What were you doing last year at this time?
21 Past Continuous, continued Use 2: Two (or more) actions that were in progress in the past at the same timeUse whileExamples:Sorry, I wasn’t listening to you while you were talking.While I was reading, he was writing.
22 Past Continuous, continued Use 3: Describe and set the scene; tell what was happening or in progress when something else happened or interrupted a past in-progress actionExamples:Car accidentBroken boneA Crime
23 Form: Using past and past continuous together Use past continuous to say what was in progressI was crossing the street …Use simple past for the interrupting actionwhen the driver ran the red light.
24 Other examples:I was sleeping when the telephone rang and woke me up. He was driving too fast when he crashed the car.
25 More Examples:We were watching the news when the announcer made a special live report. I was trying to study when you called. Student examples:
26 Form of Past Continuous Subject + was / were + verb+ing Negation: Subject + was / were + not + verb+ing Yes/ No Question: Was / Were + subject + + verb+ing ? Information Question: (WH) + Was / Were + subject + + verb+ing ?
27 Remember –ing spelling rules? Verb ending in...How to make the -ING formExamples(Most verbs)Add -INGsay - saying go - going walk - walking1 vowel + 1 consonantDouble the consonant, then add -INGswim - swimming hit - hitting get - getting1 vowel + 1 consonant + EFinal –ieRemove E, then add –INGChange –ie to y, then add -INGcome - coming lose - losing live – livingdie – dyingtie -- tying
28 A little practiceHe (break) ________________ his finger when he (play) _____________basketball.He (golf) ______________ when he (start) _____ to have chest pains.She (walk) _____________ when she (slip) __________ and (fall) ________ down the stairs.She (eat) ______________ dinner at the restaurant when she (choke) __________ on a fish bone.When I (chop) ______________ onions, I (cut) my finger.They (race) _________________ their cars when they (cause) ______________ an accident.He (burn) _______________________ his hand when he (cook) ___________ the eggs.He (have) ____________________ an accident because she (no pay) ________________ attention while she (drive) _____________________.The campers (hike) _____________________ in the forest when they (become) __________________ lost.Benjamin Franklin (fly) ____________________ a kite when he (prove) that lightening contains electricity because he (get) ________________ an electric shock.
29 ReviewSimple past = action or state finished in the past (yesterday, last…, … ago, etc.)Past continuous = was/were + verb+ing, an action that was in progress/not finished when another action happened (interrupted)
30 Writing: Which is correct? I (sleep) well last night.I (sleep) when the first started.When I got up this morning, it (rain).It (rain) hard last night.Susie fell when she (play) in the park.We (have) dinner when you called.I (write) an when you called me.He (paint) the walls yesterday.She (drive) to Los Angeles in her new car.
31 Final Tips …Use while for two actions in progress at the same time in the past:She was talking while he was driving.Use when when telling about sequence of events (one action that was in progress that was interrupted by another event in the past):I was just leaving when you called.(first action in progress) (interrupting event)
32 Punctuation with When and While When and while at the front of a sentence, use a comma:When you called, I was watching TV.While he was washing the clothes, I was doing the dishes.When and while in the middle of a sentence, no commaI was watching TV when you called.I was doing the dishes while he was washing the clothes.
33 Questions? Practice on textbook pages 42 - 43 For more practice: Forming and Using the Past ContinuousQuiz Yourself