2 We use the simple past for completed actions in the past. For example:visitedwalkedlooked
3 1. For regular verbs, add –ed. The Simple PastSpelling Rules:1. For regular verbs, add –ed.visit visited /miss missed /talk talkedI visited my grandmother last weekend.He missed his plane to Jeju Island.She talked to her boyfriend yesterday.
4 2. For verbs ending in –e, add –d. love loved / hate hated The Simple PastSpelling Rules:2. For verbs ending in –e, add –d.love loved / hate hatedThey loved each other for many years.I hated the movie last weekend.
5 study studied / try tried The Simple PastSpelling Rules:3. For verbs ending in –y,delete “y” and add –ied.study studied / try triedThey studied hard for the test yesterday.He tried to learn Chinese last year.
6 consonant = all other letters The car stopped in front of the bank. The Simple PastSpelling Rules:4. For verbs ending in one vowel and one consonant, double the consonant and add –ed.vowel = a, e, i, o, uconsonant = all other lettersstop stoppedThe car stopped in front of the bank.
7 5. Some verbs are irregular. You have to just memorize them. The Simple PastSpelling Rules:5. Some verbs are irregular.You have to just memorize them.go went / see sawI went to China last summer vacation.I saw my friend at the festival.
8 For negative statements, use didn’t. The Simple PastFor negative statements, use didn’t.I didn’t walk to school.For questions, use did.Did you walk to school?
9 For short answers, use did or didn’t. Did you study yesterday? The Simple PastFor short answers, use did or didn’t.Did you study yesterday?Yes, I did. OR No, I didn’t.Did she go to class this morning?Yes, she did. OR No, she didn’t.
10 Possible Short Answers: The Simple PastPossible Short Answers:Yes, youYes, IYes, heYes, she did.Yes, itYes, weYes, theyNo, youNo, INo, heNo, she didn’t.No, itNo, weNo, they
12 1. I didn’t go to the movies yesterday. I went to the mall. Now Practice!1. I didn’t go to the movies yesterday. I went to the mall.2. I didn’t lose my luggage. I lost my wallet.3. I didn’t forget my passport. I forgot my money.4. She didn’t break her arm. She broke her leg.5. I didn’t buy a book. I bought a magazine.