2 Gonorrhea 350,000 cases reported each year Another 350,000 are unreportedOral, anal, vaginal sexSymptoms appear 30 days after exposureWomen: abnormal vaginal discharge, painful urinationMen: discharge from penis, burning urination, swollen testicles
3 Gonorrhea Rectal infection: pain, itching, bleeding Many people have NO symptomsIf left untreated: Can cause PID, which can lead to infertilityBabies born to infected mothers can have the infection. Blindness, joint infections, blood infections.
4 Gonorrhea Test: Urine/swab of discharge Treatment: Both partners need antibioticsPrevention: Abstinence (100% effective) or condoms (very effective).
6 Chlamydia More than 1 million cases are reported 2-3 million go unreportedOral, anal, vaginal sexSymptoms appear 1-3 weeks after exposureWomen: abnormal vaginal discharge, painful urinationMen: discharge from penis, painful urination
7 Chlamydia 75% of women and 50% of men have no symptoms Can cause PID/infertility in womenMay cause premature delivery. Eye infections and respiratory problemsTest: Urine/swab of dischargeTreatment: Both partners need antibioticsPrevention: Abstinence (100%) condoms(very effective)
9 Syphilis 36,000 cases are reported each year Oral, anal vaginal sex Primary stage: small, painless sore at site of infection. Can last 3-6 weeks and can heal without treatmentSecondary stage: Rough, reddish, brown rashes on palms of hand or soles of feet
10 SyphilisSecondary stage: Fever, swollen glands, sore throat, headache. Will disappear without treatmentThe infection remains in the body without symptoms.It can reappear 10 – 20 years after infection and can damage internal organs, blindness, paralysis, dementiaBlood test
11 Syphilis Babies can have seizures, developmentally delayed, die Blood testAntibiotics will cure the infection but cannot reverse any damage. Both partners need to be treatedPrevention: Abstinence (100%) or condoms (very effective)
13 Genital Herpes1 in every 5 adolescents and adults (45 million Americans) are infected with genital herpesOral, anal, vaginal sex. Transmitted from skin around infected areaSymptoms appear within two weeks after exposure
14 Genital HerpesSymptoms: Small blisters around genitals or anus that break leave open sores. Sores heal in 2-4 weeks. Repeated outbreaks of blisters can occur, but are usually less severe than first outbreakSome have no symptomsIn rare cases, babies born to infected mother can get fatal infections
15 Genital HerpesTest: Visual inspection of sores, swab of fluid from sores, blood testTreatment: No cure. Medications can provide relief from discomfort during outbreaks and can reduce risk of transmissionPrevention: Abstinence (100%) or condoms (only partly effective because they may not cover all the areas that can transmit the virus
17 Human Papillomavirus HPV More than 40 different types of HPV can infect the genital areaSome cause genital warts. Others cause cervical cancerAnal and vaginal sex. Also may be transmitted from the skin around the infected areaSymptoms can appear years after infection
18 HPVSymptoms: No symptoms. Flat, raised or cauliflower-shaped warts occur in the genital area. Abnormal pap smearBabies born to infected mothers may have warts in their throats or voice boxesTest: Pap smear, warts, no general test to detect HPV
19 HPV Treatment: Warts can be removed, cancer can be treated. Prevention: Abstinence (100%) or condoms (only partly because they may not cover all areas)Vaccine is available for women to prevent the types of HPV that cause cervical cancerRegular gynecological exams will detect cervical cancer early
21 Hepatitis B HBVMore than 5,000 new cases reported each year. Estimated that 800,000 to 1.4 million Americans have HBV infectionsOral, anal, vaginal sex. May be transmitted through blood contactSymptoms appear within 6 months of exposure
22 HBVSymptoms: Fever, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine, jaundice. Can last for a few weeks to 6 months. Virus remains indefinitelyBabies born to infected mothers can also be infectedTest: Blood test
23 HBVTreatment: Monitor the health of the liver. Medications are available to treat, but there is no curePrevention: Abstinence (100%) or condoms (very effective)VaccineMost children are required to have the vaccination
25 HIV/AIDS56,000 new infections occur each year. More than 1 million Americans are estimated to be living with HIVOral, anal, vaginal sex. Blood contactInitial symptoms may appear with a few weeks of infection, then disappear. Symptoms that indicate immune system decline can take 6 to 10 years to be seen
26 HIV/AIDS Initial symptoms are flu-like. Later symptoms include swollen glands, fungal growth in the mouth, fatigue, weight loss, fevers, night sweatsProgresses to AIDS. The immune system no longer functions properly and becomes venerable to infections
27 HIV/AIDSBabies born to infected mothers may become infected; however, there are medicines to possibly prevent it.Test: Blood testTreatment: No cure, but medications to slow the reproduction of the virus and help bolster the immune systemPrevention: Abstinence (100%) condoms (very effective)
29 Trichomoniasis 7.4 million Americans are infected each year Vaginal sexSymptoms usually appear 5 to 28 days after exposure in women.Men usually don’t have any symptomsWomen: frothy, smelly vaginal discharge, discomfort during intercourse or urination
30 TrichomoniasisMen: Discharge from penis, slight burning after ejaculation or urinationBabies born to infected mothers may have low birth weight or be prematureTest: physical exam/lab testTreatment: Medications are availablePrevention: Abstinence (100%) or condoms (very effective)
31 Pubic Lice ‘Crabs’ Very common Contact with infested skin/hair, clothing, towels, sheets, or other personal itemsIf only eggs are transmitted, symptoms will occur with 2 to 4 weeksSymptoms include itching and small bruise marks from insect bites around the pubic hair, eyelashes, beard or armpit hair
32 Pubic LiceOver the counter or prescription lotions, creams, shampoos are available to kill the lice and eggsPrevention: Abstinence is suggested, but it may not be effective because transmission can occur by sharing clothing or linens
34 If you take away only a few things from this lesson, please… Take note of any:- Sores, bumps, blisters near mouth or genitals- Burning pain during urination or bowel movement- Flu-like symptoms like chills, fever, aches- Swelling in the groin area
35 Women, please take note of… Unusual odor or discharge from vaginaPelvic painBurning/itching around vaginaUnusual bleedingPain during intercourseIncreased severity of menstrual cramps/abnormal periods
36 Gentlemen, please take note of… Discharge from penisPain in testiclesInflammation or pain from head of the penisBurning after urination or ejaculation
37 And (for heaven’s sake) remember… Most STD’s cause no symptoms, particularly in women. If symptoms do develop, they may be confused with other diseases not transmitted through sexual contactEven STD’s that are easily curable often show no symptoms and can cause permanent damage if left untreatedIf you have any symptoms or think you may have been exposed to an STD, contact a healthcare provider immediately!
38 Finally….ABSTINACE IS THE ONLY 100% EFFECTIVE WAY NOT TO CONTRACT ANY KIND OF STD!!!