2 Warm up: Yesterday you created a Climate and Vegetation Pyramid. Today, turn to page 21 in your ISN, and cover up that Pyramid.Try to draw the Pyramid with the correct labels below your copied pyramid. Think about the pictures you drew of vegetation types to help you remember.
4 HUMID TROPICAL (TROPICAL RAIN FOREST) CLIMATE Location: Parts of … South America (largest part located in the Amazon River Basin), Caribbean Area, Asia, and AfricaCharacteristics: Low Latitude, Average temperature is 80°F, Warm and Humid Air saturated w/ moisture causing a daily rain (80 in. yr.)Vegetation: Lush … Growing in thick layers with vines and other shade like plants at bottom, then bushes, shorter trees, and finally tall teak and mahogany trees at the top.
6 Tropical Savanna CLIMATE Location: Parts of … Africa, Central and South America, Asia, and AustraliaCharacteristics: Low Latitude, Dry Winters and Wet Summers (accompanied w/ high year-round temps.Vegetation: dry season – ground covered w/ clumps of thick grass and you will find fewer trees than in the humid tropical climate region.
9 Desert CLIMATELocation: Worldwide … largest … Sahara, extending over almost the entire northern 1/3rd of the African Continent.Characteristics: Yearly rainfall is not usually going to be more than 10in., Temps. vary widely from daytime heat and nighttime cool and also from season to season. Desert climates make up close to a 1/3rd of the Earth’s total land area.Vegetation: very little – scrub and cactus, in areas w/ an underground spring (oasis) you also will find this area to have lush vegetation.
11 Steppe CLIMATELocation: Largest stretches across Eastern Europe and western and central Asia. Steppes are also found in N. America, South America, Africa, and Australia (anywhere that a desert could be found)Characteristics: Border desert areas and are also dry areas, Yearly Rainfall 10 – 20 inchesVegetation: treeless grasslands
13 Mid-Latitude Climates (4) MARINE WEST COASTMEDITERRANEANHUMID SUBTROPICALHUMID CONTINENTAL
14 Marine West Coast CLIMATE Location: Along western coastlines, btwn. the lat. Of 30° and 60° north and south, are regions w/ a marine west coast climate. The Pacific coast of N. America, much of Europe, and parts of S. America, Africa, Australia, and N. Zealand.Characteristics: Ocean winds bring cool summers and damp winters.Vegetation: Coniferous and deciduous trees found in this region (mixed forests).
16 Mediterranean CLIMATE Location: Lands surrounding the Med. Sea and any coastal mid-lat. areas w/ similar climate and vegetation… including S. California and parts of S. AustraliaCharacteristics: Mild, rainy winters and hot, sunny summersVegetation: Chaparral
18 Humid Subtropical CLIMATE Location: SE US and in SE of SA and AsiaCharacteristics: Short, mild winters and nearly year around rain. Wind patterns and high pressure related to nearby oceans are responsible for high humidity levels.Vegetation: Prairies (inland grasslands) and forests of deciduous trees
20 Humid Continental CLIMATE Location: N. Hemisphere such as S. Canada, W. Russia, and NE ChinaCharacteristics: Climate influenced more by landforms than winds, precipitation, or ocean temp. The farther NORTH you are, the Winters will be longer and more severe and Summers will be shorter and cooler.Vegetation: Similar to Marine West Coast … mixed forests … more coniferous than deciduous the further north you get.
22 High -Latitude Climates (3) ICE CAPTUNDRASUBARCTIC
23 Ice Cap CLIMATELocation: almost all of Antarctica, and Greenland’s interiorCharacteristics: Snow and ice, usually more than 2 miles thick constantly cover the surface. Ave. temps. – below freezingVegetation: lichen
25 Tundra CLIMATE Location: Closer to the Polar Regions Characteristics: Very COLD … winter darkness and bitter cold last 6 months and the sun’s indirect rays bring constant summer light but little heat.Vegetation: shrubs and lichen
27 Subarctic CLIMATE Location: Just south of the Arctic Circle Characteristics: Winters are bitterly cold and summers very short and cool. Only a thin layer of surface soil thaws each summer and below this is permafrostVegetation: Coniferous
30 Highland CLIMATE Location: Mountains … anywhere … low and mid lat. Characteristics: Elevation and Climate go hand in hand … regardless of the latitude. The further you go, the thinner the atmosphere becomes, giving mountain areas similar high-latitude climates, characteristics and vegetation.Vegetation: Base – mixed, Mid – meadows and small trees and shrubs, High – shrubs and lichen
31 HIGHLAND CLIMATE Snow cap Tundra Cold Zone Temperate Zone Hot Zone 19,800 ft9°FSnow cap16,500 ft21°F13,200 ft34°FTundra9,900 ft49°F*QuitoCold Zone6,600 ft57°FTemperate Zone3,300 ft70°F1,000 ft77°FHot Zone81°FSea Level*Guayaquil