Presentation on theme: "Francisci WG.2a. The low latitude climates are always between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. The climate is tropical, wet, hot."— Presentation transcript:
The low latitude climates are always between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. The climate is tropical, wet, hot and humid.
Tropical Rainforest (Tropical Wet) Found on or near equator Warm year round Many animals and insects Precipitation daily Tropical Savanna (Tropical Wet & Dry) Found on outskirts of Tropical Rain Forest Warm year round Mostly grasslands Precipitation varies
The middle latitude climates are always found between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle latitude lines or between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle Lines. The climate is semi- arid to arid, cool to cold in winter and warm to hot in summer.
Humid Continental Found in interior regions of continents Precipitation varies Vegetation consists of mixed forests Warm summers and cold winters (All 4 Seasons) Humid Subtropical Found in southeastern regions of continents (Florida) Vegetation consists of mixed forests Precipitation varies with humidity. Mild short winters, hot, long summers (Mostly 2 seasons)
Marine West Coast Western coasts of continents (Oregon, Washington, western Europe) Mixed Forests Abundant Precipitation all year Ocean winds bring cool summers and mild winters Mediterranean Climate (Dry Summer Tropical) Found around Mediterranean Sea Chaparral: olive, date trees Mild, rainy winters, and hot, sunny, dry summers Found in southern California and in southern Australia
High latitude climates are located between the Arctic Circle and the North Pole latitude lines and the Antarctic Circle and the South Pole. The climate in these regions is sub arctic, cold, tundra or ice cap.
Subarctic Found south of Arctic Circle Frozen permafrost soil Bitterly cold winters, short cool summers Coniferous Forest (Taiga) Tundra Found at or above Arctic Circle No trees; small bushes, grass, moss, lichens Bitterly cold winters, short cool summers Half of the year spend in constant darkness; half the year in constant light.
Ice Cap Found in Antarctica and interior of Greenland No vegetation Bitterly cold all the time Snow and ice can be 2 miles thick!
Desert (Arid Climate) Precipitation less than 10 inches Vegetation is scarce and may include cacti Temperature may be hot or cold Does not have to have sand Steppe (Semi-Arid) Found on the borders of a desert Precipitation 10 to 20 inches Vegetation includes grasslands Temperature may be hot or cold
Highland (Mountain) Temperatures and vegetation depend on elevation Timberline is the height in elevation above which trees cannot grow
Found at or above Arctic Circle No trees; small bushes, grass, moss, lichens Bitterly cold winters, short cool summers Half of the year spend in constant darkness; half the year in constant light.