6 Tropical ClimatesTropical Climates range from ______ to ______? (low latitude)If you like _________ weather you would love to live in a tropical climate.There are two types of tropical climatesTropical Rain Forest ClimateTropical Savanna Climate
7 Tropical Rain Forest Climate Year round rainfall – produce lush vegetation which is home to millions of plants and animals.The trees form a canopy over the land allowing very little sunlight to actually reach the forest floor. (Mahogany, teak, ebony)The Amazon Basin in ________ ______________ is the largest rain forest region.
10 Tropical Savanna Climate Savannas – broad grasslands with few treesRainfall occurs only a few months out of a year.Wet Season – Few months out of the year when it does rain on the tropical savanna.The rest of the year is hot and dry
14 Tropical ClimatesTropical Climates especially the rain forests are home to more than half of our world’s plant and animal species.Rain forests in the tropical climates are very important to our water cycle because they? ____________________________________________________________________
15 Various other plants and animals species of Tropical Climates toucanSlothVenus Fly TrapPoisonArrow FrogBromeliads
16 Where are the tropical climate zones found? Note-Taking CheckWhere are the tropical climate zones found?
18 Mid-Latitude Climates Also known as a moderate climateFound in the “middle” between ___________degrees N or S latitude, and ___________ degrees N or S Latitude from the equatorThe majority of the world’s people live within this climate region.
19 Mid-Latitude ClimateThis region has the most climate zones and regions within it than any other.Why? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________
20 The Breakdown of the Mid-latitude Climate Zone 1. Marine West Coast Climate2. Mediterranean Climate3. Humid Continental Climate4. Humid Subtropical Climate
21 Marine West Coast Climate Found on:The western coast of the United StatesEurope – EnglandAustralia – South EastWhat it is:An area that receives winds from the ocean
22 Marine West Coast Climate What is it like:Winters: rainy and mildSummers: CoolYou would probably see a lot of _____________ which supports the growth of deciduous trees (those that lose their leaves in the fall) or Coniferous forests (cones and needles)
27 Humid Continental Climate Another Mid-Latitude ClimateIf you live in the inland areas of North America, Europe, or Asia this is the type of climate you may have.Winters can be __________, ___________, ________________(think of Chicago)Summers are normally _____________ and very _____________.
28 Humid Continental Climate: Vegetation You will probably find deciduous trees ( just like where?)Also vast grasslands may flourishWhere in the United States might you find this type of area?
30 Humid Subtropical Climate Yet another type of mid-latitude climateThese regions are close to the _________________Rain falls throughout the year, but the heaviest rain will come during this season? ___________________The winters here are generally mild and short
34 High Latitude ClimateThese climates usually are mainly in the high latitudes of each hemisphere ( the circles) ranging from ______ degrees to __________ degreesGenerally these climates are very cold but some are more severe than others.There are three types of high latitude climatesSubarcticTundraIce cap
35 Subarctic ClimateThis is the section closest to the mid latitude zones ( closest to 60 degrees)There are very few people who live hereThe climate is very cold and bitter in the winterThe summer can see temperatures rising above freezing
38 Tundra Closer to the Poles than the subarctic Tundra – cold and dry weatherThe Tundra is so cold that parts of the soil stay frozen permanently – PermafrostOnly the few top layers of the soil thaw during the summer months.This thawed soil turns marshy in the summer giving the plants the nutrients they need to live.
39 Tundra VegetationThere are no trees that grow in the tundra because it is too cold for their roots to set up in the groundThere are however sturdy grasses and low bushes that grow
47 Dry Climates Dry or partially dry areas that receive little or no rain Temperatures can be really hot during the day and extremely cold in the night.Dry climates can be found at any latitude.There are two types of dry climatesDesert ClimateSteppe Climate
48 Desert Climate Receive less than 10 inches of rainfall per year Only scattered plants such as shrubs and ____________ can grow here.____________ can collect any rain that falls because their roots are close to the surface.If irrigation is available some types of crops can also be grown.
51 Steppe Climate Surrounding a desert Partly dry grasslands and prairies Means “treeless plain”Rain averages inches per yearVegetation include bushes and short grassesAn Example in the U.S. is ________________________
52 Where are steppe climate zones often located? Note-taking CheckWhere are steppe climate zones often located?