Presentation on theme: "Climate Introduction to"— Presentation transcript:
1 Climate Introduction to Weather: (def.) The condition of the atmosphere at a particular location at a specific time.Climate: (def.) The weather conditions at a particular location over a long period of time.
2 Climate Temperature Precipitation Seasons What defines a location’s climate?TemperaturePrecipitationSeasons
3 Factors affecting climate? Influence of latitude.Influence of winds.Influence of elevation.Proximity to water (oceans).
8 Wind patterns Rain "shadow" Winds carry moisture from the oceans over the land. Areas near the ocean get more precipitation than areas far from the sea.Mountain ranges create “rain shadows” on the leeward side.
17 The climate regions TROPICAL WET TROPICAL WET & DRY SEMIARID DESERT (ARID)MEDITERRANEANMARINE WEST COASTHUMID SUBTROPICALHUMID CONTINENTALSUBARCTICTUNDRAICECAPHIGHLANDS
18 Climate Regions Chart TROPICAL WET Little variation in temperature over the year. It is always hot with a lot of precipitation.Found South America, Africa, Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands.
19 Climate Regions Chart TROPICAL WET AND DRY Has a warm, rainy season in summer and cooler, dry season in winter.Found in South America and Africa.
20 Climate Regions ChartSEMIARIDLittle precipitation. Summers are hot. Winters are mild to cold.Found in the interiors of continents or around deserts.
21 Climate Regions ChartDESERTReceive very little precipitation. There are “hot” deserts (Sahara, Arabian) and “cold” deserts (Great Basin – Nevada, Utah).
22 Climate Regions ChartMEDITERRANEANSummers are dry and hot, winters are cool and rainy.Found on the Mediterranean Coast, California, Australia. (Mid-latitude, sub-tropical, west coast)
23 Climate Regions ChartMARINEWEST COASTOften cloudy, foggy, damp. Ocean air moderates temperatures. Precipitation is evenly distributed throughout the year.Found on the west coast of U.S. & Canada and Northwestern Europe.
24 Southeastern U.S. and China. Climate Regions ChartHUMID SUBTROPICALLong periods of summer heat and humidity. Often subject to hurricanes/typhoons in summer and autumn.Southeastern U.S. and China.
25 Climate Regions ChartHUMID CONTINENTALVariety in temperature and precipitation. Arctic and tropical air masses collide causing changing weather conditions. Four distinct seasons.Found in central, eastern U.S. and central Europe
26 Climate Regions ChartSUBARCTICHuge temperature variations occur between summer and winter. Summers – short and cool. Winters – long and very cold.Found in Canada & Russia.
27 Climate Regions ChartFlat, treeless lands forming ring around Arctic Ocean. Very little precipitation. Subsoil is always frozen (permafrost). Summer is only a few weeks long with temperatures rarely above 40*F..TUNDRAFound in Northern Canada & Russia.
28 Climate Regions ChartICECAPSnow, ice, permanently freezing temperatures. Polar deserts with very little precipitation.Arctic icecap, Antarctica, Greenland.
29 Climate Regions ChartHIGHLANDClimate varies with latitude, elevation and proximity to water. Generally cooler than surrounding lowlands with precipitation on the windward slopes.Found in the Rocky Mountains, China (Tibetan Plateau), Andes Mountains.
30 Radio Advertisement Make it sound exciting! Select one of the twelve climate regions and create a radio advertisement that “sells” the climate to tourists. The ad should include:A description of the climate (temperature, precipitation, seasons)Where in the world the climate is found (latitudes, specific countries).Describe the type of vegetation you will find there.Activities that can be done in that climate that tourists would enjoy.Make it sound exciting!
31 IcecapYou don’t normally think of this climate when you hear the word “desert,” but it is one.
32 The Amazon rainforest has this climate. Tropical WetThe Amazon rainforest has this climate.
33 Rare in the Northern Hemisphere, but common in Africa. Tropical Wet & DryRare in the Northern Hemisphere, but common in Africa.