Presentation on theme: "4 Types of economic Activities Primary- Hunters, Gathers, Mining, Agriculture, Forestry Found in Developing Nations or Nations in Transition Secondary-"— Presentation transcript:
4 Types of economic Activities Primary- Hunters, Gathers, Mining, Agriculture, Forestry Found in Developing Nations or Nations in Transition Secondary- Auto Production, Construction, Textiles Value is added to a raw material> making furniture Found in newly industrialized countries with commercial industry Tertiary- Service Industries, Infrastructure to transport goods and services. Found in countries that are developed. Quaternary- high % of population working in research Found in countries that are more developed.
12 Climate regions Regions Tropical Wet Tropical Wet and Dry Desert (Arid) Semiarid Mediterranean Humid Subtropical Marine West Coast Humid Continental Subarctic Highland (Alpine) Tundra Ice Cap Characteristics TW- Broadleaf trees; rainforest canopy; precipitation in summer months Arid- small population; parasites, disease, limited agriculture, largest daily range of temperature Highland- high altitudes of Africa, South America, and Indonesia Latitude determines the climate zones: Polar, temperate, tropical
4 Biomes Forest deciduous and coniferous forests Grassland Steppe in Northern Hemisphere Pampas in Southern Hemisphere Desert Chaparral- drought resistant trees and shrubs Tundra Permafrost- permanently frozen sub-soil
3 Different levels of development Developed Economic activities fall primarily in the tertiary level Service Industries Entertainment Retail and Wholesale Transportation Infrastructure in place to distribute goods and services More developed countries operate in the quaternary level Developing Economic activities fall primarily in the primary level Nations in Transition Economic activities move from primary to secondary level
Worldwide population growth Identifiers Birthrate Fertility Rate Mortality Rate Infant Mortality Rate Rate of Natural Increase Characteristics Growth High BR Low MR Decline Low BR High MR High Standard of Living Low BR Low Standard of Living High BR
Population distribution Habitable Lands Urban / Rural Mix Migration Change in settlement patterns Push / Pull factors Better transportation systems Escape Urbanization Access to available resources Economic opportunities
Population Density Number of people Measured # of people PER SQUARE MILE Carrying Capacity Number of organisms a piece of land can support When the CC is exceeded it leads to: Pollution Lack of jobs Urbanization (overcrowding)
Precipitation 3 Types Convectional Orographic Frontal Characteristics Greenhouse effect- creates a barrier that traps solar energy Rainshadow effect Windward Rain occurs Cool temperatures Humid climate Leeward Dry conditions Warm temperatures Dry climate Occurs due to movement of warm and cold fronts
Types of economic systems Traditional Command (Communist) Government control of production of goods and services Dictatorship Market (Free Enterprise) Democracy- people vote to elect representatives in central government Mixed Combination of Command and Market
Measuring Economic development Per capita income The average amount of money earned by each person within a country Gross National Product (GNP) The total value of all goods and services produced by a country over a year or some other specified period of time Gross Domestic Product (GDP) The total value of all goods and services produced within the boundaries of a country in a given period of time.