2 What do you Know about Ecosystems? Take a moment! Write down or draw everything that you can think of that has to do with ecosystems We are going to take 3 minutes to create a Ecosystems Unit Cover page!
3 Objectives1.01 Describe and compare several common ecosystems (communities of organisms and their interaction with the environment).1.02 Identify and analyze the functions of organisms within the population of the ecosystem:Producers.Consumers.Decomposers.1.03 Explain why an ecosystem can support a variety of organisms.1.04 Discuss and determine the role of light, temperature, and soil composition in an ecosystem's capacity to support life.1.05 Determine the interaction of organisms within an ecosystem.1.06 Explain and evaluate some ways that humans affect ecosystems.Habitat reduction due to development.Pollutants.Increased nutrients.1.07 Determine how materials are recycled in nature
5 What is an Ecosystem? An ecosystem is all the living and nonliving things in the environment.An Ecosystem may be very small,such as a backyard or pond.
6 Ecosystems do not exist in isolation Ecosystems do not exist in isolation. One ecosystem is connected to another in many ways. Some connections are obvious, others are notAn owl, for example, may make its home in a wooded forest area. That owl is very much a part of the forest ecosystem where it makes its home. However, in hunting for prey, that owl may cross into a backyard ecosystem. When this happens, ecosystems connect.
7 Types of EcosystemsFreshwaterPrairieRainforestDesertSaltwater
9 Today’s Vocabulary! Ecosystem Community abiotic factor biotic factor PopulationNicheEcology
10 Text Book Reading Look on page NCB2-3 in your Science Books We will define each word as we come to it in our readingAfter we have read you will have a chance to make an illustration for each vocabulary word
11 EcologyThis is the study of how living and nonliving things interact
12 Abiotic Factors Abiotic Factors- the nonliving parts of an ecosystem (soil, water, light, inorganic nutrients and weather)
13 Did you know…All organisms need water. Their bodies are 50 to 95 percent water.Living things need minerals, such as calcium, iron, and nitrogen.Some living things like plants and algae need sunlight to make food.
14 Animals need oxygen to produce energy for their bodies.
15 These organisms make up the BIOTIC factors of an ecosystem. The living parts of an ecosystem are animals, plants, fungi, protists, and bacteria.These organisms make up the BIOTIC factors of an ecosystem.
16 Ecosystems are made up of biotic and abiotic components.
17 What are these? Biotic or Abiotic . . . watersunlightsoilpesticidesrockstemperatureweathermachinerybuildings
18 HabitatWhat do you need to survive? Food, water, shelter? Animals need the same things and they live in places that can provide them. The place that supplies the things an organism needs to survive is its habitat.Habitat is specific place where an organism lives
19 Community the resources Animals and plants that live in an area and share the resourcesAll the biotic factors
20 Niche Within a community, organisms all have a unique job This is the role they fill to keep the community healthyWhat special niche do bees have in their community?
21 In a community, no two species can occupy the same niche In a community, no two species can occupy the same niche. In other words, no two species can interact with environment in the exact same way
22 Population All of the same species in a given area Think – the amount of one particular species living in an area
23 PopulationIn a forest location, you could expect to find a population of ants, chipmunks, chickadees, and grasses.
24 Limiting FactorA population in a community will grow until it is limited by some factor.There are many of these limiting factors in an ecosystem.Food and shelter are two of them.
25 Carrying CapacityWhen the populations of a community are using the resources of that community to the fullest extent, the environment's carrying capacity has been reached
26 Nature Walk: Ecosystem Poster Draw a picture of an ecosystem of your choice. In your picture draw and label the following:Biotic factorsAbiotic factorsPopulationNicheCommunity
28 Abiotic factors (water and oxygen) Example of a PosterOcean EcosystemCommunityAnd biotic factorsAbiotic factors (water and oxygen)population
29 Ecosystems Week 1 Quiz Give me 3 examples of abiotic factors Abiotic factors are all of the __ components of an ecosystem.Living b. nonliving c. plant d. animalBiotic factors are all of the __ components of an ecosystemGive me 3 examples of abiotic factorsGive me 3 examples of biotic factorsA community is all of thea. Living parts of an ecosystem b. the sun, water & dirtc. the ecosystem d. the abiotic factors
30 Ecosystems Week 1 Quiz 9. Draw an example of a population 6. A niche is an organism’s special ___ within its ecosystema. Habitat b. Food c. job d. Home7. Draw an example of a community you might find outside8.Population the number of the same ___ in an area9. Draw an example of a population10. An ecosystem isAll of the people in an area b. All of the fish in the seaAll of the living and nonliving in an area d. All of the abiotic factors
31 Let’s ReviewAll the interacting living and nonliving things in an environment make up an ____________.Ecosystem2. A nonliving factor in an ecosystem is called an __________ factor.Abiotic3. Abiotic factors in an ecosystem include light, water, ______, temperature, air, and minerals.Soil4. The living parts of an ecosystem are called ________ factors.Biotic
32 6. Animals, or ________ produce the carbon dioxide that plants need. Let’s Review5. Living organisms that produce oxygen and food that animals need are called _________.Producers6. Animals, or ________ produce the carbon dioxide that plants need.Consumers7. Decomposers break down dead organisms and produce ____________ that enrich the soil.Minerals
33 Check what you know! You may use page B 6 & 7 in your Science Books All the interacting living and nonliving things in an area describe a(n) ____________.2. The nonliving things in an ecosystem are called _____________ factor.3. List three abiotic factors ______________4. The living things in an ecosystem are called ________ factors.5. List three examples of biotic factors. ______6. Animals or_____ produce the carbon dioxide that plants need.7. Plants and algae are _________. They produce _______ and food that animals need.8. Why are there different organisms in different ecosystems?9. Why would you not find a polar bear in a desert ecosystem?
35 ConsumersAnimals are consumers. Animals consume, or eat, algae, plants, or other animals. Animals also give off carbon dioxide that plants and algae need to make food.
36 ProducersPlants and algae are producers. They produce oxygen and food that animals need.
37 What do fungi and bacteria do? Fungi and bacteria are DECOMPOSERS. They decompose or break down dead plants and animals into useful thinks like minerals that enrich the soil.Review
38 Lets see what we know!Lets take this quiz to review some of the old information so that we can move onto the new!
39 Do you like to play games. If you do, you will need energy Do you like to play games? If you do, you will need energy. Every time you run or jump, you are using up energy in your body.How do you get the energy to play? You get energy from the food you eat. Similarly, all living things get energy from their food so that they can move and grow.As food passes through the body, some of it is digested. This process of digestion releases energy.
40 Food Chains A food chain shows how each living thing gets its food. Some animals eat plants and some animals eat other animals
41 Food ChainsA food chain is the path energy takes from producer to consumer.Lets see if we can put a food chain together!
49 Use pages B20 – B23 What is a food web? All food webs begin with a ________.Organisms that cannot make their own food are __________.Animals that eat other animals are_____.Living things that hunt for other living things are ________.Hunted animals are called _________.Meat eaters that don’t hunt are called _____.Every food chain ends with a _______.How are populations connected?Do animals compete for food? Explain.
50 Why can an ecosystem support a variety of organisms? ExplainWhy can an ecosystem support a variety of organisms?
51 Humans And the Ecosystem Human well-being is highly dependent on ecosystems and the benefits they provide such as food and drinkable water. Over the past 50 years, however, humans have had a tremendous impact on their environment.In what way do we harm our ecosystemsDeforestationReduce HabitatsPollutionUse of fertilizersPesticides
52 Deforestation is one of the primary reasons for global warming
55 Humans and Ecosystems Read and complete pages 56-58 in the Science EOG book. Humans have a huge impact on the world. Get with a partner discuss and make a list of all the things that humans do to affect ecosystems. What are Some things that we can do to change the way we harm our ecosystems? Use the information that you have just read about!
56 What is pollution?Pollution is the act of environmental contamination with man-made waste
62 Match the Letter with the definition Vocabulary QuizMatch the Letter with the definition1___ Population A – All the living things in an ecosystem that share resources2___ Community B – All of the same species in an ecosystem; All the deer3___Abiotic Factor C – plants; they make their food from the sun4___Biotic Factor D – These organisms break down dead organisms5___Decomposer E – Consumers that only eat meat6___ Consumer F – Consumers that only eat plants7___Producer G – Consumers that eat meat and plants8___ Carnivore H – Where an organisms lives and gets its food and shelter9___ Omnivore I – The living things in an ecosystem10___Habitat J – The nonliving things in an ecosystem11___Predator K – Something that eats something else for food12___Prey L - The hunter; the one eating; Example a fox eating a rabbit13___ Herbivore M – the hunted; the one being eaten