Presentation on theme: "What You Don’t Know… CAN HURT YOU! Presented By: Harmony Russell Intern at The Santa Rosa County Department of Health Student at the University of West."— Presentation transcript:
What You Don’t Know… CAN HURT YOU! Presented By: Harmony Russell Intern at The Santa Rosa County Department of Health Student at the University of West Florida: Community Health Education
What are Sexually Transmitted Diseases? Merriam-Webster: Any of various diseases or infections that can be transmitted by direct sexual contact. WebMD: Commonly called STDs; are diseases that are spread by having sex with someone who has an STD. You can get a sexually transmitted disease from sexual activity that involves the mouth, anus, vagina, or penis.
TRUE OR FALSE A person can always tell if he/she has an STI. FALSE
Street Name: The Silent Disease The Breakdown: Most frequently reported STD in the U.S. The Facts: Can infect both Men & Women 2.86 Million infections occur every year 1 in 15 sexually active females aged 14- 19 years has chlamydia Symptoms: No symptoms If symptoms occur, takes several weeks to appear Can damage women’s reproductive organs Treatment: Can be treated and cured with antibiotics If left untreated, can cause recurrences Increases a woman’s risk for reproductive health complications Need to be retested 3 months after treatment
Street Name: The Silent Disease The Breakdown: Most frequently reported STD in the U.S.
HIV/AIDS Street Name: The new epidemic or the deadly disease The Breakdown: When you have it, you got it for LIFE! The Facts: Individuals with an STD are 2-5 times more likely to acquire HIV than uninfected individuals Contracted through sexual activity with an infected person or through contaminated needle in drug use Symptoms: No characteristic set of symptoms Unexplained weight loss Flu-like symptoms White spots in the mouth Yeast infection in women Treatment: Cannot be cured Majority die from infections associated with the disease Anti-viral medications can slow progression from infection
Street Name: The new epidemic or the deadly disease The Breakdown: When you have it, you got it for LIFE!
TRUE OR FALSE If treated with the appropriate medical treatment, all STIs except HIV infection can be cured. FALSE
Hepatitis A,A, B,B, & C Street Name: The Dragon, Hep A, Hep B, or Hep C The Breakdown: Can all be passed through sexual intercourse The Facts: Three main types of Hepatitis that can be passed through sexual intercourse: TYPE A= eating and drinking contaminated food/water. Also through oral sex. TYPE B= very infectious; can spread through unprotected sex or sharing contaminated needles. TYPE C= transmitted through sexual intercourse with someone infected with sores on genitals that may bleed. Symptoms: Mild flu-like symptoms Nausea Vomiting Diarrhea Loss of appetite Jaundice Darker yellow urine Treatment: Cannot be cured Left untreated can lead to miscarriage and liver problems Adequate nutrition and rest is important
Street Name: The Dragon, Hep A, Hep B, or Hep C The Breakdown: Can all be passed through sexual intercourse A,A, B,B, & C
Street Name: Cold Sores or Fever Blisters The Breakdown: 1 out of 5 adolescents & adults have it The Facts: Can spread through contact of a sore or area where a sore is no longer visible Can get genital herpes from a cold sore performed via oral sex Majority affected are asymptomatic or have mild signs or symptoms Symptoms: Flu-like symptoms including fever and swollen glands Symptoms may show 1-30 days after exposure Blisters may last 1-3 weeks Treatment: Cannot be cured; medications are available to shorten & prevent outbreaks Acyclovir can relieve symptoms
Street Name: Cold Sores or Fever Blisters The Breakdown: 1 out of 5 adolescents & adults have it
TRUE OR FALSE Women who have regular Pap tests will also find out if they have an STI. FALSE
Genital Warts Street Name : HPV The Breakdown: Over 100 types of HPV; 30 types from sexual contact The Facts: Is a form of HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) Over 100 types of HPV Soft, moist, and flesh colored and appear on the outside or inside of vagina, penis, and/or anus Linked to several types of cancer; particularly cervical cancer Symptoms: Can be painless, but uncomfortable due to size and itching Warts may bleed if irritated Treatment: Chemical treatment by freezing, burning or laser removal of warts You can get rid of the warts, but not the virus Warts can reappear after treatment
Warts Street Name : HPV The Breakdown: Over 100 types of HPV; 30 types from sexual contact
TRUE OR FALSE Oral sex is the safest kind of sexual behavior if you don’t want to get a disease. FALSE
Street Name: Syph, Pox, or Bad Blood The Breakdown: Visible on the external genitals, vagina, or rectum The Facts: Sores are visible on the external genitals, vagina, or rectum Can appear on the lips or mouth A mother may pass along to her child during childbirth 2 Stages of Symptoms: 1 st Stage= painless reddish-brown sores on sex organs, breasts, or fingers Sores can last 1-5 weeks Symptoms can appear 3-12 weeks after sex 2 nd Stage= hair loss, headache, fever, sore throat, rash anywhere on body Symptoms show 1-6 months after sores heal Treatment: If detected early enough, can be treated and cured Antibiotics are prescribed Left untreated can lead to heart, brain, and other organ damage; possibly death
Street Name: Syph, Pox, or Bad Blood The Breakdown: Visible on the external genitals, vagina, or rectum
Street Name: Trich The Breakdown: Most curable STD in young, sexually active women The Facts: Symptoms are more common in females The vagina is the most common site of infection Can increase a woman’s susceptibility to HIV infection Symptoms: Males: No symptoms; can experience irritation while urinating and/or mild discharge Females: frothy, yellow-green vaginal discharge with a strong odor; can cause irritation and itching in vaginal area Treatment: Can be treated and cured through medication
Street Name: Trich The Breakdown: Most curable STD in young, sexually active women
Gonorrhea Street Name: The Drip, Race Horse or The Whites The Breakdown: Can grow in the throat, mouth, and eyes The Facts: Caused by bacterium growing in warm, moist areas Also likely to grow in the throat, mouth and eyes More than 700,000 people get infected each year Symptoms: Women: thick-yellow vaginal discharge. Burning or painful urinating Bleeding between menstruation Men: yellow or white discharge from penis Burning or painful urinating Frequent urination Treatment: Antibiotics can help treat and cure the disease Successful treatment is becoming difficult
Gonorrhea Street Name: The Drip, Race Horse or The Whites The Breakdown: Can grow in the throat, mouth, and eyes