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Immigration Chapter 13, Section 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Immigration Chapter 13, Section 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Immigration Chapter 13, Section 1

2 Why Come to America? Immigrants- somebody who leaves their home country to live in another country Key Idea: America could offer them something they could not have access to in their home country. **American Dream** Economic opportunities Job, food, modern technology, etc. Unrest in home country Violence, famine, religion etc. Family already in America “Birds of Passage” Low cost of coming to America -> steam ship

3 Immigration by Area: Europe
million Europeans Before 1890->West and Northern Europe After > Central and Eastern Europe

4 Immigration by Area: Europe
Ellis Island An immigration station in New York Harbor Not every immigrant was admitted (disease, criminal records, money/job) 17 million immigrants passed through Closed in 1954, now a museum

5 Ellis Island ’s

6 Ellis Island Museum: Present Day

7 How did Immigration affect the demographics in the United States?

8 Immigration by Area: Asia
about 300,000 Chinese immigrated Gold and railroads By 1920 more than 200,000 Japanese lived on the West Coast (California mainly) Due to annexation of Hawaii which had many Japanese laborers b/c of Dole fruits.

9 Immigration by Area: Asia
Angel Island An immigration station in San Francisco Bay > 50,000 Chinese Treatment: harsh and often detained

10 Angel Island


12 Interrogation:

13 Why did Chinese immigrants come to the United States?

14 A Day in the Life of a New Immigrant:
Imagine you go to a foreign country and have to provide for the following on your own! Language barrier Living arrangements Jobs/money Food, clothing, basic items

15 Idea of Nativism Nativists- supported American born people, mainly against immigrants believed that immigrants brought European radicalism with them to America blamed the newcomers for instigating the labor unrest that characterized much of the period. Immigrants hold on to beliefs/customs. Against idea of melting pot Social Darwinism with races Eugenics: Europeans the greatest race

16 Nativist Groups: American Protective Association (APA)
1887: papal conspiracy against liberty Against Roman Catholics (mainly those coming from Eastern and Central Europe) Immigration Restriction League 1894: America should be populated with people of Germanic origins because of their energy and intelligence. Organized by Harvard graduates

17 Restrictions on Immigration:
Chinese Exclusion Act: 1882 Resulted from many workers and labor unions in the west concerned about job competition Banned all Chinese immigrants except students, teachers, merchants, tourists, and government officials Lasted till 1943 Gentlemen’s Agreement: 1907 Prior to agreement Japanese children were being forced to attend segregated school in San Francisco Limited emigration of Japanese unskilled workers to US in exchange for repeal of segregation in schools.

18 Why did the Federal Government pass the Chinese Exclusion Act?

19 Reasons Nativists Opposed Immigration
Complete the graphic organizer by listing the reasons nativists opposed immigration to the United States? Reasons Nativists Opposed Immigration

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