2 Why Come to America?Immigrants- somebody who leaves their home country to live in another countryKey Idea: America could offer them somethingthey could not have access to in their home country.**American Dream**Economic opportunitiesJob, food, modern technology, etc.Unrest in home countryViolence, famine, religion etc.Family already in America“Birds of Passage”Low cost of coming to America -> steam ship
3 Immigration by Area: Europe million EuropeansBefore 1890->West and Northern EuropeAfter > Central and Eastern Europe
4 Immigration by Area: Europe Ellis IslandAn immigration station in New York HarborNot every immigrant was admitted (disease, criminal records, money/job)17 million immigrants passed throughClosed in 1954, now a museum
7 How did Immigration affect the demographics in the United States?
8 Immigration by Area: Asia about 300,000 Chinese immigratedGold and railroadsBy 1920 more than 200,000 Japanese lived on the West Coast (California mainly)Due to annexation of Hawaii which had many Japanese laborers b/c of Dole fruits.
9 Immigration by Area: Asia Angel IslandAn immigration station in San Francisco Bay> 50,000 ChineseTreatment: harsh and often detained
13 Why did Chinese immigrants come to the United States?
14 A Day in the Life of a New Immigrant: Imagine you go to a foreign country and have to provide for the following on your own!Language barrierLiving arrangementsJobs/moneyFood, clothing, basic items
15 Idea of NativismNativists- supported American born people, mainly against immigrantsbelieved that immigrants brought European radicalism with them to Americablamed the newcomers for instigating the labor unrest that characterized much of the period.Immigrants hold on to beliefs/customs. Against idea of melting potSocial Darwinism with racesEugenics: Europeans the greatest race
16 Nativist Groups: American Protective Association (APA) 1887: papal conspiracy against libertyAgainst Roman Catholics (mainly those coming from Eastern and Central Europe)Immigration Restriction League1894: America should be populated with people of Germanic origins because of their energy and intelligence.Organized by Harvard graduates
17 Restrictions on Immigration: Chinese Exclusion Act: 1882Resulted from many workers and labor unions in the west concerned about job competitionBanned all Chinese immigrants except students, teachers, merchants, tourists, and government officialsLasted till 1943Gentlemen’s Agreement: 1907Prior to agreement Japanese children were being forced to attend segregated school in San FranciscoLimited emigration of Japanese unskilled workers to US in exchange for repeal of segregation in schools.
18 Why did the Federal Government pass the Chinese Exclusion Act?
19 Reasons Nativists Opposed Immigration Complete the graphic organizer by listing the reasons nativists opposed immigration to the United States?Reasons Nativists Opposed Immigration