Presentation on theme: "Unit #2: Industrialization & Rise to World Power Immigration: Turn of the Century."— Presentation transcript:
Unit #2: Industrialization & Rise to World Power Immigration: Turn of the Century
Old vs. New Immigrants 1840-1860’s: 1 st large scale immigration –From western & northern Europe 1880’s: start of 2 nd wave of immigration –From eastern & southern Europe (Italians, Poles, Russians & non-protestants) –Considered “stupid” by older immigrants Migrated to U.S. east coast
Chinese & Japanese 1851-1880’s: Chinese came after Gold Rush –Build railroads, including Transcontinental –Farming, mining, & domestic services 1884: Japanese migrated to Hawaii –Worked as planters in Hawaii –By 1907: Due to higher wages, 30,000 Japanese migrated –By 1920: 200,000 Japanese lived on west coast
West Indies & Mexico 1880-1920’s: Jamaica, Cuba, Puerto Rico & other islands in West Indies –Jobs were scarce in homeland –Industrial boom in U.S. promised more jobs 1902: Mexicans came due to National Reclamation Act –called for better irrigation demand for workers –1910: political & social issues in Mexico Migrated to eastern & southeastern U.S.
Entering the New Land Ellis Island, New York Harbor –Immigrants had to be inspected (physical exam) –Gov’t inspector checked legal requirements –1892-1924: 17 million immigrants came through Angels Island, San Francisco Bay –Mostly Asians, primarily Chinese –Went through harsh questioning in dirty facilities –1910-1940: 50,000 Chinese came through
Nativism Gave rise to anti-immigrant sentiment in U.S. 1887: American Protective Association –Anti-immigrant religious beliefs (Catholics & Jews) 1894: Immigration Restriction League –Favored Anglo-Saxon & anti- those from eastern European, Asian, & Latin ancestry KKK also expanded their hatred from blacks to immigrants
Immigration Restrictions 1882: Chinese Exclusion Act –Banned entry to all EXCEPT students, teachers, merchants, tourists & gov’t officials –1902: immigration restricted indefinitely –Was not repealed until 1943 1907-1908: Gentlemen’s Agreement –Japan’s gov’t limited emigration of unskilled workers to U.S. IF segregation laws in San Francisco were lifted