2 Through the “Golden Door” What were these immigrants trying to escape?-famine-land shortages-religious or political persecution
3 Through the “Golden Door” Europeans:Between around 20 million arrived in the U.S.Escaping religious persecution, land shortages, and rising population.
4 Through the “Golden Door” Chinese and Japanese:-Between ,000 Chinese arrived.-Seeking fortune (California Gold Rush-1848).-200,000 Japanese lived on the West Coast by 1920.-Annexation of Hawaii in 1898 increased Japanese immigration.
5 Through the “Golden Door” West Indies and Mexico:-Between about 260,000 arrived from the West Indies.-They were seeking jobs.-About 700,000 came from Mexico between-They were seeking jobs and escaping political turmoil.
6 Through the “Golden Door” Steerage- The cheapest accommodations on a steamship. Most immigrants booked passage in steerage. Very bad conditions.
7 Life in the New LandEllis Island- Immigration station in New York Harbor. From 1892 to 1924 it was the chief immigration station in the U.S. An estimated 17 million immigrants passed through it between this time.
8 Life in the New LandAngel Island- Immigration station in San Francisco Bay. Between 1910 and 1940 about 50,000 Chinese immigrants entered through Angel Island.
9 Immigration Restrictions Melting Pot- mixture of people of different cultures and races who blended together by abandoning their native languages and customs.Nativism- overt favoritism toward native born Americans.Chinese Exclusion Act- Banned entry to all Chinese except students, teachers, merchants, tourists, and government officials.Gentlemen’s Agreement- Japan’s government agreed to limit immigration of unskilled workers to U.S. in exchange for the repeal of the San Francisco segregation order.