Presentation on theme: "MENTAL ILLNESS The term mental illness/disorder is used to describe many different types of emotional & mental problems."— Presentation transcript:
MENTAL ILLNESS The term mental illness/disorder is used to describe many different types of emotional & mental problems.
ORGANIC DISORDERS Disorders that are caused by a physical illness or injury that affects the brain. Examples: Meningitis Syphilis Traumatic brain injury
FUNCTIONAL DISORDERS Disorder that occurs as a result of psychological causes/trauma in which no brain damage is involved Four Categories: Anxiety Somatoform Affective Personality
ANXIETY Disorder in which real or imagined fears prevent a person from enjoying life –Phobia: when a person goes to extreme measures to avoid a fear –General anxiety disorder: feels anxious, fearful, and upset most of the time, but for no specific reason. (panic attacks)
OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER (OCD) Unreasonable need to act & think in a certain way OBSESSIVE: Persistent thoughts/ideas/voices that cause a great deal of anxiety COMPULSIVE: Urgent/repeated behaviors that when done, give a brief feeling of relief.
Common Obsessions Washing – hands, house cleaning, etc… Repeating – actions: locking door, turning lights on & off, etc… Checking – power of appliances, locks, lights, etc… Counting – generally in multiples of 5, but not always
POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER (PTSD) A person has experienced an extremely traumatic event & feels severe and long lasting after effects (i.e. flashbacks) Examples of causes: War Rape Child Abuse Witnessing a car accident (or anything in which a person is severely injured or killed)
SOMATOFORM Describes a condition in which a person complains of disease symptoms, but no physical cause can be found. Example: Hypochondria
AFFECTIVE DISORDERS DEPRESSION Feelings of hopelessness last for more than a few weeks and interfere with daily living #1 cause of suicide is untreated depression MANIC DEPRESSION A person “sways” from a depressed state to a manic state “Cycling” is unique to each person…for some it happens in weeks, some, years