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The Present Subjunctive

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The Present Subjunctive (with Ojalá) P. 339 Avancemos 2.

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1 The Present Subjunctive
Realidades 2

2 The Subjunctive Up to now you have been using verbs in the indicative mood, which is used to talk about facts or actual events.

3 The Subjunctive Aprendo francés para mi viaje.

4 The Subjunctive Spanish has another way of using verbs called the subjunctive mood.

5 The Subjunctive We use it to say what one person does or doesn’t want, tell, suggest, or recommend someone else to do.

6 The Subjunctive A sentence that includes the subjunctive form has two parts connected by the word que. For example:

7 The Subjunctive Recomendamos que Uds. hablen con un agente de viajes.
We recommend that you speak with a travel agent.

8 The Subjunctive ¿Quiere Ud. que escribamos nuestros nombres en las maletas. Do you want us to write our names on our suitcases?

9 The Subjunctive Note that the subjunctive sentences have two parts, each with a different subject, connected by the word que:

10 2 Clauses Ella sugiere que yo aprenda francés
Independent clause (stands on its own) Subject > Verb Separated by the word “que” Dependent clause (can’t stand on its own) Begins with the word “que.” Subjunctive Verb Indicative Verb

11 The Subjunctive The first subject uses the present indicative verb (recommendation, suggestion, prohibition, and so on) + que and the second subject uses the present subjunctive verb (what should happen).

12 The Subjunctive Verbs that are often follewed by que + subjunctive:
Decir Insistir en Necesitar Permitir Preferir (e > ie) Prohibir Querer (e > ie) Recomendar (e > ie) Sugerir (e > ie)

13 The Subjunctive We form the present subjunctive of most verbs the same way we form negative tú commands.

14 The Subjunctive We drop the -o of the present-tense indicative yo form and add the subjunctive endings.

15 The Subjunctive For -ar verbs: e, es, e, emos, éis, en
For -er/-ir verbs: a, as, a, amos, áis, an

16 HABLAR hable hables hablemos habléis hablen

17 COMER coma comas comamos comáis coman

18 VIVIR viva vivas vivamos viváis vivan

19 The Subjunctive The present subjunctive has the same spelling changes and irregular yo form changes used with the negative tú commands and Ud./Uds. commands.

20 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs
As in negative commands, irregular verbs that add a “g” to the stem in the present-tense yo form also have a “g” in the present subjunctive.

21 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs
caerse decir hacer poner salir tener traer

22 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs
hacer hag-o haga tener teng-o tenga

23 LLEGAR (g > gu) llegue llegues lleguemos lleguéis lleguen

24 HACER haga hagas hagamos hagáis hagan

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