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Informal Commands WALK! SLEEP! EAT!.

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Presentation on theme: "Informal Commands WALK! SLEEP! EAT!."— Presentation transcript:

1 Informal Commands WALK! SLEEP! EAT!

2 In Spanish… When we want to tell a friend, siblings,or person you know on a first name basis to do something, we use informal (tú) commands… ¡Come! – EAT! ¡Camina!- WALK! ¡Duerme!- SLEEP! Only use informal commands when you are just giving a command to ONE person (informally).

3 Informal Commands Commands are used for both do’s and don’ts
Lets begin with the do’s. To state the do’s of most verbs, drop the –s off of the regular tú form. STATEMENT COMMAND (tú) caminas ¡Camina! Walk! (tú) comes ¡Come! Eat! (tú) duermes ¡Duerme! Sleep! Hablar Habl a s

4 Los Irregulares venir = ven decir = di salir = sal hacer = haz tener = ten ir = ve poner = pon ser = sé (mantener= mantén) * ir and ver have the same tú command, context will determine the meaning. Ver Ven di sal haz ten ve pon sé Vin Diesel has ten weapons, eh!


6 Placement of reflexive and object pronouns in tú commands.
Placement of pronouns follows the same rules as in formal commands (Ud. and Uds.). Pronouns are attached to commands. If the command has two or more two syllables, a written accent mark is added to maintain the original stress pattern. Ex: alegrarse ¡Alégrate! (Be happy! ) sentarse ¡siéntate (Sit down! ) pedir ¡Pídeselo! (Ask her for it!) * Remember when using direct and indirect object pronouns. Indirect object pronouns come first (people come first). Rules for Accent Marks 1 pronoun, 3rd syllable back 2 pronouns, 4th syllable back

7 Prácticamos… ¡Abre la ventana! Open the window!… Verb Abrir
Put it in the tú form = tú abres Drop the –s = abre ¡Abre la ventana!

8 Más prática… ¡Habla ahora! Speak now!... Verb hablar
Put hablar in the tú form= hablas Drop the –s = habla ¡Habla ahora!

9 Más práctica… ¡Bebe agua! Drink water!... Verb beber
Put beber in the tú form= bebes Drop the –s = bebe ¡Bebe agua!

10 Negative Commands To state the don’ts- negative (tú) commands
Start with the present tense “yo” Drop the “o” Add the opposite tú ending. (-as for er/ir verbs) (-es for ar verbs) STATEMENT COMMAND (tú) fumas ¡No fumes! Don’t smoke! (tú) corres ¡No corras! Don’t run! (tú) duermes ¡No duermas! Don’t sleep!

11 Irregulares: dies dar = des (no des) ir = vayas (no vayas) estar = estés (no estés) ser = seas (no seas) * Place reflexive and object pronouns before the conjugated verb in a negative command. Ex: No te sientas triste. Don’t feel sad No me lo digas Don’t tell me (it).

12 Let’s work on negative commands…
Don’t buy pizza!... Verb comprar Put comprar in the tú form= compras Change the –as to –es= compres ¡No compres la pizza!

13 Let’s work on negative commands…
Don’t open the door!... Verb abrir Put abrir in the tú form= abres Change the –es to –as= abras ¡No abras la puerta!

14 Let’s work on negative commands…
Don’t drink soda!... Verb beber Put beber in the tú form= bebes Change the –es to –as= bebas ¡No bebas los refrescos!

15 Verbs with spelling changes: -car, -gar, and -zar
There are several verbs that change spelling when made into negative commands to keep their sound… 1. Jugar- ¡No juegues! - g changes to gue to keep the hard g sound 2. Verbs ending in –car like Practicar - ¡No practiques! -c changes to a que to keep the hard k sound

16 Any stem changes or spelling changes in the “yo” form still remain in negative commands.
hablar = no hables traer = no traigas decir = no digas salir = no salgas conocer = no conozcas

17 Let’s work on negative commands…
These next verbs have spell changes… Either g changes to gue OR c changes to a que Don’t play in the house! - Verb jugar- in tú form = juegas - Change –as to –es and remember spelling change!= juegues ¡No juegues en la casa!

18 Let’s work on negative commands…
Don’t arrive late! ¡No llegues tarde! Don’t touch the piano! -Verb tocar in tú form = tocas -Change –as to –es and remember the spelling change!= toques ¡No toques el piano!

19 Te toca a ti… Eat more fruit! ¡Come más frutas! Sleep 8 hours a day!
¡Duerme ocho horas al día!

20 Te toca a ti… Don’t run in the house! ¡No corras en casa!
Don’t open the book! ¡No abras el libro!

21 Remember! Informal commands have two different irregular forms: Affirmative = Ven di sal haz ten ve pon sé Negative commands (dies)=des, vayas, estés, seas

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