Presentation on theme: "Simple, Compound, Complex, and Compound-Complex Sentences"— Presentation transcript:
1 Simple, Compound, Complex, and Compound-Complex Sentences
2 The most effective writer… …uses a variety of sentence types. The three types are Simple Sentences, Compound Sentences, and Complex Sentences.
3 1. Simple SentencesSimple Sentences have the most basic elements of a sentence…a subject, a verb and a complete thought.
4 Examples Joe waited for the train. Joe = Subject Waited = Verb Mary and Sam took the bus.Mary and Sam = (compound) Subject Took = VerbI ran to my house.I = Subject Ran = Verb
5 Simple SentencesSimple sentences are often, but not always, short and get right to the point.Simple sentences, when used too often, make writing pieces choppy.Simple sentences are also known as Independent Clauses because if removed from a compound or complex sentence, they can stand alone.
6 2. Compound SentencesCompound Sentences are made up of two Independent Clauses that are connected by a coordinating conjunction.Independent Clausehas a subject and a verb and express a complete thoughtIs considered a simple sentencesConjunctions: FAN BOYS = For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet and So
7 ConjunctionsConjunctions help the reader see a possible relationship between two simple sentencesand is commonly used to connect two independent clauses.The use of too many ands can weaken a writing piece.
9 Examples Joe waited for the train, but the train was late. Mary and Sam took the bus, and they arrived before the train.I ran to my house, so I missed the bus and train.
10 3. Complex SentencesComplex Sentences are made up of an Independent Clause and one or more Dependent Clauses.Dependent Clausehas a subject and a verbdoes not express a complete thoughtcannot stand alone
11 Examples of Dependent Clauses Examples of Dependent Clauses: cannot stand alone, but can be added to an independent clause to make a complex sentenceBecause Joe waited too long = no complete thoughtSince the bus left = no complete thoughtAfter he ate dinner = no complete thought
12 Subordinating Conjunctions A dependent / subordinate clause can not stand alone as a sentence.A subordinating conjunction introduces a subordinate clause and joins it to a main clause.
14 ExamplesExamples:Because Joe waited too long, he missed the bus and he was late to work.Since the bus was late, Sam had to wait in bus line for over an hour.After he ate dinner, Joe fell asleep in on the couch.
15 Complex SentencesComplex sentences are often more effective than compound sentences and show an even clearer relationship.
16 4. Compound-Complex Sentences Compound-Complex Sentences consist of a compound sentence and a complex sentence.They consist of two independent clauses and one or more dependent clause.
17 ExamplesExamples:As the bus rolled by, Mary yelled out and Joe chased it down the street.The bus, even though it was late, still stopped at every stop yet never picked up Mary and Sam.
18 Compound-Complex Sentences Compound-Complex sentences are very effective and great at showing a relationship among subjects, but should be used sparingly.