2 Flip ChartCreate a Sentence Structure flip chart. Write the title on the first tab.Label each tab after:ClausesSimpleCompoundComplexCompound-Complex
3 Clauses A clause is a group of words with its own subject and verb. An independent clause has a subject and verb and makes sense by itself. It is a complete sentence.Example: I like this book.A subordinate clause has a subject and a verb but does not make sense by itself. It is only a part of a sentence.Example: I like this book [that I borrowed from Kim.]
4 Simple SentencesA simple sentence consists of a single independent clause. It must contain a subject and a verb.
5 Examples - Subjects & Verbs This book is unusually interesting. S VMy brother and sister will arrive tomorrow. S S VHe opened the package and found a new camera. SVV
6 Examples – Prepositional Phrase This book with the strange cover is unusually interesting.S PP VMy brother will arrive tomorrow by train. S V PPAt home, he opened the package. PP , S V
7 Examples - ADVSlowly, he opened the package. ADV , S V
8 Compound SentencesA compound sentence consists of a two or more independent clauses. The independent clauses are joined by:comma + coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS)or a semicolon (;).CANNOT JOIN WITH JUST A COMMA – this is a COMMA SPLICE
9 ExamplesThe book is unusually interesting, and I will finish it tonight.Tomorrow, my brother will arrive, but my sister will not come until Sunday.At home, he opened the package; it contained a new camera.
10 Complex SentencesA complex sentence consists of one independent clause and one or more subordinate clauses.
11 Subordinating Conjunctions Begin Subordinate Clauses afternowwherealthoughoncewhereasassincewhere ifas long asso thatwhereveras soon asthanwhetherbecausethoughwhilebeforeunlesswhoeverevenuntilwhyifwhenjust aswhenever
12 Relative Pronouns Begin Subordinate Clauses thatwhowhomwhosewhich
13 Examples This is the expensive camera that he wants to buy. If I visit the country fair, I will bring you something.
14 Compound-Complex Sentences A compound-complex sentence consists of two or more independent clauses and one or more subordinate clauses.
15 ExamplesIf I am asking to play first-string, it will be an important milestone for me, but I am also afraid that the challenge will be too great.When I get home from school, I have to complete my homework, and I need to go to basketball practice.