Presentation on theme: "Sentences are made up of parts. Have a capital letter at the beginning Include an ending punctuation mark Have a subject and a verb Express a."— Presentation transcript:
Have a capital letter at the beginning Include an ending punctuation mark Have a subject and a verb Express a complete thought
She ate pizza with friends. my dog ran across the street. even though tacos are his favorite. How many sports do you play John on Thursday. List your favorite movies. Trudy works on the newspaper staff. S NS S S
An independent clause has a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought. An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence. An independent clause can also be thought of a simple sentence.
A dependent clause is also called a subordinate clause. A dependent clause does not express a complete thought. It cannot stand alone as a sentence. When we went shopping Because she went to a different school last year
A simple sentence, also called an independent clause, contains a subject and a verb, and it expresses a complete thought. Sam is an eighth grader. We went to Colorado last summer.
A simple sentence can have a compound subject and/or a compound verb. Trudy and Jack are on the newspaper staff. John golfs and studies on Thursday. Trudy and Jack are compound subjects golfs and studies are compound verbs
A compound sentence contains two independent clauses joined by a conjunction. I tried to speak Spanish, and my friend tried to speak English. Michael studied for math, but he also studied for his English test. I and friend are the two subjects. Michael and he are the two subjects.
Compound Sentences include a conjunction. Think FANBOY: For And Nor But Or Yet So
A complex sentence has an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. A complex sentence always has a subordinate conjunction such as because, since, after, although, or when or it may contain a relative pronoun such as that, who, or which. The subordinate conjunction and the relative pronoun are used to introduce the dependent clause.
Time after, as, as soon as, before, even after, even before, since, until, when, while, whenever Place everyplace, everywhere, where, wherever Manner as, as if, as though Cause as, because, inasmuch as, since, so that Condition if, on condition that, provided, unless Concession although, even though, though Relative pronouns who, whom, whose, that which
When he handed in his test, he forgot to put his name on the paper. Because his name was missing, the teacher took off five points. Frank talked to the teacher after he saw his mistake. The teacher would not change his score since it was a class rule.
Everywhere they traveled in Europe, the Johnson’s ran into fellow Americans. The city was crowded, and the tourists were tired. The city was crowded when the tourists boarded the train. France is my favorite country because I love the food and the countryside.
Compound/Complex sentences contain two or more independent clauses, and at least one dependent clause. Our basketball team won the game, and we went on to win the tournament, because the coach believed in our players. first independent clause dependent clause second independent clause
Shannon ate pizza when she went to the mall, but she did not eat any ice cream. It took four days to catch up on school work when I returned from the soccer tournament. Jason loves to watch the movie after he reads a book, and he usually like the book better. She was the woman who borrowed my car, so I feel she is responsible for filling it with gas.
Write one simple sentence, one compound sentence, one complex sentence, and one compound/complex sentence.