2SentencesSentences are groups of words that have a subject and a predicate.Sentences express a complete thought.EX: Ms. Christie spills her coffee daily.
3Simple SentencesA simple sentence has one complete subject and one complete predicate.Complete Subject: Names whom or what the sentence is about.Complete Predicate: Tells what the subject does or has or what the subject is or is like.
4Simple Sentences Complete Subject Complete Predicate Some people travel.Neither cars nor jetsare completely safe.Trains and busescarry passengers and transport luggage.Freight trainstransport products to various cities.
5Simple Sentence Examples Most students are super awesome humans.complete subject complete predicate
6Compound SentencesA compound sentence is a sentence that contains two or more connected simple sentences. Each simple sentence in a compound sentence is a called a main clause.A main clause has a subject and predicate and can stand alone as a sentence.
7Compound sentencesMany people find baby pigs adorable, and many others enjoy dressing pigs in outfits.
9Compound sentence examples Millions of people live in the cities, but many others reside in the suburbs.Most people travel to work, and many of them use public transportation.Helicopters can be used to monitor traffic conditions, or computers can more accurately predict traveling time.
10Comma rule Which comma rule comes into play with compound sentences? And-but-or? Put the comma before!Millions of people live in the cities, but many others reside in the suburbs.Most people travel to work, and many of them use public transportation.Helicopters can be used to monitor traffic conditions, or computers can more accurately predict traveling time.
11Comma Rule ContinuedIf no ‘and-but-or’, use a semicolon to join sentences.People take trains, buses, and cars; some even fly.
12Simple/compound practice The state of Illinois lies below Wisconsin.SimpleIn 2001, a very important person graduated from Homer Junior High School.She went on to become a teacher, and she came back to teach at Homer Junior High School.Compound
13Complex sentences Main Clause (simple sentence) is what? Has a subject and predicate and can stand alone as its own sentence.Subordinate Clause:A group of words that has a subject and a predicate but does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence. A subordinate clause is always combined with a main clause in a sentence.
14Complex sentencesA complex sentence is a sentence that has one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses.Student friendly: A complex sentence has one main clause/simple sentence and one clause that cannot stand alone as a sentence.EX: When the sun set, the caravans stopped for the night.Subordinate Clause Main Clause
15Complex sentencesComplex sentences are usually punctuated with a comma between the main clause and the subordinate clause.The main clause or the subordinate clause can come first in the sentence.When the dependent clause comes first, you use a comma. When it comes second, don’t use a comma.
16Complex sentencesCompound sentences have the words and, but, or that connect the thoughts.Complex sentences use the following words:afteralthoughasbecausebeforeeven thoughifsincethoughunlessuntilwhenwheneverwhereaswhereverwhile
17Complex sentence practice Because I went to the store yesterday, I have a delightful tofu salad for lunch.Because I went to the store yesterday, I have a delightful tofu salad for lunch.Subordinate clauseMain Clause*This is a complex sentence
18Simple or complex? After I came home, I ate dinner. Complex I usually like to go to the mall.SimpleBefore the museum closed, we visited our favorite exhibit.I love going to the museum in the summer.
19Complex or compound?Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon, and they left on the bus before I arrived.CompoundBecause Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon, I did not see them at the station.Complex
20Simple/complex/compound? Joe waited for the train.SimpleJoe waited for the train, but it was late.CompoundWhile he waited for the train, Joe realized it was late.Complex
21Simple/compound/complex cheat sheet Simple Sentence: One complete subject, one complete predicateCompound Sentence: Two simple sentences/main clauses combined with FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) and a comma OR a semicolon.Complex Sentence: One simple sentence/main clause and one subordinate clause that is combined using these words: after, although, as, because, before, even though, if, since, though, unless, until, when, whenever, whereas, wherever, while.