12 VirusesCore genetic material (DNA or RNA) enclosed in a capsid
13 Poliomyelitis (Polio) Polio = gray; Myelon = marrow of spinal cord; itis = inflammationHighly contagiousMay result in paralysisVaccine preventable
14 Polio Eradication Is it possible?? “Hopefully by 2015 no child in the world will be paralyzed by the disease and by 2018 Polio will be wiped out.” – Bill Gates, 09/28/2012The current eradication program…
15 Rotavirus Most common cause of diarrhea in infants and children. Highly contagiousSymptoms:Severe diarrhea, vomiting; may lead to dehydration
16 Measles / Rubella Common childhood illness until vaccine. May be fatal Characterized by fever and rashHighly contagious through respiratory droplets.
18 Chicken Pox / Shingles Varicella zoster virus Herpes zoster virus Characterized by rash, fever, malaise.Contagious, spread by respiratory droplets
19 Vaccines Active immunity Passive immunity Acquired immunity Dead or deactivated dose of bacteria or virus injectedPassive immunityPreformed antibodies from immune serum of animal injected.Acquired immunityImmune system fights live bacteria or virus
24 EV-D68 AKA: Enterovirus-D68 Children with asthma at higher risk 549 cases in 43 states as of Oct 6, 2014Children with asthma at higher riskNo specific treatment / cureQuestion of paralysis side effect(CDC, 2014)