Presentation on theme: "Facts About the Common Cold Colds are one of the most frequently occurring communicable diseases. ▫They are so common because they are spread in several."— Presentation transcript:
Facts About the Common Cold Colds are one of the most frequently occurring communicable diseases. ▫They are so common because they are spread in several ways, both direct and indirect contact. ▫Hundreds of different viruses can cause colds. Each time you get a cold it is probably a different virus making it impossible to develop a cold vaccine.
Facts About the Common Cold ▫Symptoms of the common cold include. Stuffy nose Runny nose Sore throat Body aches tired
Facts About the Flu Influenza-is a communicable disease characterized by fever, chills, fatigue, headache, muscle aches and respiratory symptoms. ▫Symptoms are similar to a cold but caused by a different virus. ▫It begins more suddenly and lasts longer than a cold. ▫As with a cold, the flu can be spread through direct and indirect contact.
Facts About the Flu ▫The peak months of flu season are December through early March. ▫Each year different strains of flu viruses are responsible for the disease.
Chicken Pox, Measles, and Mumps Contagious period-the length of time when a particular disease can be spread from person to person. ▫Depending on the disease, this may be unknown or may vary. ▫Chicken pox, measles and mumps have well- defined contagious periods.
Chicken Pox, Measles, and Mumps Chicken Pox-involves an itchy rash, fever, headache and body aches. ▫It begins as small red bumps that develop into blisters. ▫Contagious from to days before the rash appears until six days after. ▫There is now a chicken pox vaccine.
Chicken Pox, Measles, and Mumps Measles-a rash, accompanied by fever, runny nose, and coughing. ▫Contagious period is several days before rash appears until five days after. ▫Measles are less common in the United States due to a measles vaccine that is given to children.
Chicken Pox, Measles, and Mumps Mumps-cause fever, headache, and swollen salivary glands. ▫Most contagious around time when symptoms appear. Can infect others seven days before symptoms appear until nine days after. ▫Like measles, mumps is now uncommon because of a vaccine.
Other Communicable Diseases Mononucleosis-a disease characterized by swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck and throat. ▫Disease is caused by a virus and is most common in teens and young adults. ▫Symptoms include fatigue, loss of appetite, fever, headache and sore throat. ▫Virus is spread through kissing and sharing of drinking glasses and eating utensils.
Other Communicable Diseases Mono ▫Treatment includes rest and pain relievers. ▫Symptoms last three to six weeks. Hepatitis-is the inflammation of the liver characterized by the yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes. ▫Other symptoms include: weakness, nausea, fever, headache, sore throat, loss of appetite. ▫Three most common forms are A, B and C.
Other Communicable Diseases Hepatitis A-can be contracted from contaminated food or water. ▫People who live or travel to areas with poor sanitation are at risk. Hepatitis B and C-permanently damage the liver are spread through contact with the blood or body fluids of an infected person. ▫Spread by sharing of needles. ▫Hepatitis B can be spread through sexual contact.
Other Communicable Diseases Treatment for hepatitis includes rest and a healthy diet. ▫Most people recover completely, but some infected with hepatitis B are infected for life. ▫Vaccines are available for hepatitis A and B. ▫Hepatitis C can be treated with medication.
Other Communicable Diseases Tuberculosis-a bacterial disease that usually affects the lungs. ▫Symptoms include: cough, fatigue, night sweats, fever, and weight loss. ▫Spread through cough or sneeze droplets in the air. ▫Can be treated with antibiotics. ▫After many years of decline, cases are increasing.
Other Communicable Diseases Pneumonia-a serious inflammation or infection of the lungs. ▫Caused by viruses or bacteria. Inhaling airborne pathogens. Having direct contact with an infected person. ▫Symptoms include fever, cough, weakness, chills, and difficulty breathing. ▫Treatment varies on the type and severity. Antibiotics, rest and plenty of fluids are recommended.
Other Communicable Diseases Strep throat-a sore throat caused by streptococcal bacteria. ▫Symptoms include: red and painful throat, fever, swollen and tender lymph nodes in the neck. Headache, nausea or vomiting can occur. ▫Spread through direct contact or breathing in cough droplets. ▫Treatment includes antibiotics. Left untreated strep can lead to rheumatic fever, which damages the heart.
Vaccination Schedules See figure 12.5 on page 345