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Georgia Performance Standards: SSUSH9b-f

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Presentation on theme: "Georgia Performance Standards: SSUSH9b-f"— Presentation transcript:

1 Georgia Performance Standards: SSUSH9b-f
Section 3: Reconstruction Georgia Performance Standards: SSUSH9b-f

2 SSUSH10 The student will identify legal, political, and social dimensions of Reconstruction.
a. Compare and contrast Presidential Reconstruction with Radical Republican Reconstruction. b. Explain efforts to redistribute land in the South among the former slaves and provide advanced education (Morehouse College) and describe the role of the Freedmen’s Bureau. c. Describe the significance of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments. d. Explain Black Codes, the Ku Klux Klan, and other forms of resistance to racial equality during Reconstruction. e. Explain the impeachment of Andrew Johnson in relationship to Reconstruction. f. Analyze how the presidential election of 1876 and the subsequent compromise of 1877 marked the end of Reconstruction.

3 Reconstruction The rebuilding of the South after the Civil War
Plans for reconstruction: Lincoln: 10% Plan Required 10% of state’s eligible voters to swear allegiance to U.S. for state to reenter union Wade-Davis Bill: Required over 50% of state’s eligible voters to swear allegiance to U.S. for state to reenter union DID YOU KNOW: The Wade-Davis Bill would also have permanently banned any Confederate politician or soldier from voting or holding public office.

4 Assassination of Lincoln
Assassinated on April 14, 1865 Attending “Our American Cousin” at Ford’s Theatre Killed by John Wilkes Booth

5 Freedman’s Bureau Operational from 1865-1872 Goal:
Protect rights of African-Americans in the South Advance education, provide work opportunities and negotiate labor contracts Eventually even operated as courts for suits involving African-Americans

6 Different Views of Reconstruction
Presidential Lenient (forgiving) Radical Republican Punitive (punishment) Why?

7 Johnson and Reconstruction
Andrew Johnson, a Democrat from the South, becomes President after Lincoln’s death Civil Rights Act of 1866 Vetoed by Johnson Overridden by Congress Why? Guaranteed equal rights to black Americans

8 Johnson and Impeachment
Johnson was unpopular Northerners → Southern, too friendly to South Southerners → Traitor to the South Impeachment Tenure in Office Act (1867) Fired Secretary of State Seward Congress impeaches Johnson (1867) Acquitted by one vote Johnson becomes compliant with the Republicans.

9 Radical Reconstruction
Period beginning in 1866 Goals: Punish the South Protect Rights of Freedmen How? Keeping former Confederates from voting 13th, 14th, 15th Amendments Use of military forces

10 Civil War Amendments 13th Amendment 14th Amendment 15th Amendment
Abolishes slavery 14th Amendment Makes former slaves citizens of the U.S. All people born in the U.S. (except Indians or visitors) are citizens 15th Amendment Gives all men the right to vote, regardless of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude"

11 Military Reconstruction
South divided into 5 military districts All states except Tennessee Georgia was in the 3rd District Last to be reinstated to the Union (July 15, 1870)

12 Reforms of Reconstruction
Land: Attempt to redistribute land “40 acres and a mule” Failed Never was an official policy of the United States Government, policy by General Sherman. President Andrew Johnson gave the land back to the original white owners. Why?

13 Reforms of Reconstruction
Education: Emphasized in black community Public, segregated schools created Higher Education: Ex. Morehouse College, founded 1867 in Atlanta to provide advanced education to freed slaves. Why was education considered important?

14 “Carpetbaggers” and “Scalawags”
Southern term for a Northerner who moved to the South during Reconstruction Viewed as an opportunist trying to take advantage of Southerners Scalawag: Term for a Southern Republican or supporter of Reconstruction Viewed as a traitor to the South

15 Southern Reactions to Reconstruction
Black Codes: Laws that limited African-American rights Ku Klux Klan: Terrorist group Sought to punish Republicans & African-Americans who attempted to exercise their rights


17 Political cartoon threatening lynching to carpetbaggers Tuscaloosa, Alabama, Independent Monitor, 1868

18 African-American Politics
Many African-Americans given right to vote 15 African-Americans elected to the House of Representatives, 2 to the Senate Hiram Rhodes Revels, the first African-American U.S. Senator, from Mississippi. Served Blanche Bruce, the second African-American U.S. Senator, from Mississippi. Served

19 Rise of the “Redeemers”
Southern Democrats Took over state governments across the South Beliefs: White supremacy Economic modernization was needed Sonny Perdue, the 81st Governor of GA, was the first Republican elected Governor in Georgia since the end of Reconstruction in 1872. DID YOU KNOW: The Redeemers took away African-American and poor white voting rights by requiring poll taxes, literacy tests or residency requirements (“grandfather clauses”) to vote.

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