Presentation on theme: "SSUSH10 The student will identify legal, political, and social dimensions of Reconstruction. a. Compare and contrast Presidential Reconstruction with Radical."— Presentation transcript:
SSUSH10 The student will identify legal, political, and social dimensions of Reconstruction. a. Compare and contrast Presidential Reconstruction with Radical Republican Reconstruction. b. Explain efforts to redistribute land in the South among the former slaves and provide advanced education (Morehouse College) and describe the role of the Freedmen’s Bureau. c. Describe the significance of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments. d. Explain Black Codes, the Ku Klux Klan, and other forms of resistance to racial equality during Reconstruction. e. Explain the impeachment of Andrew Johnson in relationship to Reconstruction. f. Analyze how the presidential election of 1876 and the subsequent compromise of 1877 marked the end of Reconstruction.
a. Compare and contrast Presidential Reconstruction with Radical Republican Reconstruction.
Presidential Reconstruction Andrew Johnson takes over after death of Lincoln just five days after the surrender at Appomattox Courthouse in April Johnson comes up with his own plan called “Presidential Reconstruction.” Johnson was sympathetic towards the South and true to the Union.
4 Stages 1- Southerners who swore allegiance to the Union were pardoned 2- Former Confederate states could set up constitutional conventions to set up state governments. 3- States had to void secession and ratify the 13 th amendment. 4- Once the 13 th amendment was ratified, states could hold elections and be part of the Union.
Radical Reconstruction Radical Republicans thought that Johnson was being to easy on the South and demanded more strict guidelines. They also believed that Congress, not the President should oversee the Reconstruction.
6 Stages 1- The Southern states were put under military rule. 2- Southern states had to hold new constitutional conventions. 3- African Americans were allowed to vote 4- Southerners who had supported the Confederacy were not allowed to vote(temporarily) 5- Southern states had to guarantee equal rights to African Americans. 6- Southern states had to ratify the 14 th amendment.
b. Explain efforts to redistribute land in the South among the former slaves and provide advanced education (Morehouse College) and describe the role of the Freedmen’s Bureau.
New way of life.. Though free, former slaves did not have any land or money. Their solution was to turn to sharecropping- this was when former slaves would work a piece of land for a white landowning family and in return they got housing and a share of the crop. Another solution was tenant farming- The former slaves paid rent to farm the land and owned the crops they grew.
Freedmen’s Bureau FIRST federal relief agency in U.S. history. The Bureau provided clothes, medical attention, food, education and land to African Americans coming out of slavery. Problem: The Bureau started in 1865 and ended in 1869 due to lack of funding.
c. Describe the significance of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments.
13th Amendment Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Significance: Officially abolishes slavery.
14 th Amendment Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. Significance: Gave equal rights to all citizens.
15 th Amendment Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. Significance: Right to vote by all citizens. Did African Americans get the right to vote as well?