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Warm up THE PERIOD AFTER THE CIVIL WAR (FROM 1865-1877) IS KNOWN AS RECONSTRUCTION. KNOWING WHAT YOU HAVE LEARNED ABOUT THE CIVIL WAR, WHAT DO YOU THINK.

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Presentation on theme: "Warm up THE PERIOD AFTER THE CIVIL WAR (FROM 1865-1877) IS KNOWN AS RECONSTRUCTION. KNOWING WHAT YOU HAVE LEARNED ABOUT THE CIVIL WAR, WHAT DO YOU THINK."— Presentation transcript:

1 Warm up THE PERIOD AFTER THE CIVIL WAR (FROM ) IS KNOWN AS RECONSTRUCTION. KNOWING WHAT YOU HAVE LEARNED ABOUT THE CIVIL WAR, WHAT DO YOU THINK THE GOALS OF RECONSTRUCTION WILL BE?

2

3 THE DEBATE OVER RECONSTRUCTION

4 SETTING THE STAGE IN THE MONTHS AFTER THE CIVIL WAR ENDED, THE NATION BEGAN TO REBUILD AND REUNITE. ALMOST IMMEDIATELY, FIERCE STRUGGLES BEGAN OVER HOW LONG IT SHOULD TAKE TO RESTORE THE SOUTHERN STATES TO THE UNION AND HOW PUNITIVE RECONSTRUCTION SHOULD BE.

5 LINCOLNS PLAN AFTER THE CIVIL WAR, THE SOUTHS ECONOMY WAS IN SHAMBLES THE PRESIDENT AND CONGRESS FOCUSED ON RECONSTRUCTION = REBUILDING LINCOLN WANTED TO BRING THE SOUTH BACK INTO THE UNION WITHOUT PUNISHING IT. HIS PLAN CALLED FOR AMNESTY TO ALL SOUTHERNERS WHO TOOK AN OATH OF LOYALTY TO USA (LEADERS AND OFFICERS EXCLUDED) 10 % TAKEN OATH = NEW STATE GOVERNMENT

6 RADICAL REPUBLICANS A GROUP KNOWN AS RADICAL REPUBLICANS OPPOSED LINCOLNS PLAN WANTED TO PREVENT CONFEDERATE LEADERS FROM RETURNING TO POWER WANTED FEDERAL GOVT TO BECOME POWERFUL IN SOUTH TO ENSURE SUFFRAGE FOR AFRICAN AMERICANS MILITARY RULE TO ENSURE AFRICAN AMERICAN VOTING RIGHTS

7 WADE - DAVIS BILL WADE DAVIS BILL EVENTUALLY GETS SUPPORT FROM MODERATE REPUBLICANS CALLED FOR MOST WHITE MEN IN A FORMER CONFEDERATE STATE TO TAKE AN OATH OF LOYALTY TO THE UNION EACH STATE WOULD HAVE TO ABOLISH SLAVERY AND DENY FORMER CONFEDERATE LEADERS TO VOTE OR HOLD OFFICE LINCOLN BLOCKED PASSAGE WITH A POCKET VETO

8 FREEDMENS BUREAU AFTER THE WAR, NEWLY FREED AFRICAN AMERICANS, OR FREEDMEN, STRUGGLED TO SURVIVE NORTHERNERS BELIEVED FREEDMEN SHOULD BE GIVEN CONFEDERATE LANDS CONGRESS DID NOT SUPPORT TAKING THE LAND OF PLANTATION OWNERS CONGRESS FORMED THE FREEDMENS BUREAU TO HELP FEED, CLOTH, AND FIND JOBS FOR AFRICAN AMERICANS ALSO PROVIDED AN EDUCATION HELPED START COLLEGES TO TRAIN AFRICAN AMERICAN TEACHERS

9 JOHNSON TAKES OFFICE ANDREW JOHNSON BECAME PRESIDENT AFTER LINCOLN WAS ASSASSINATED HIS PLAN WAS SIMILAR TO LINCOLNS HE OFFERED PARDONS TO THOSE THAT TOOK AN OATH IMPORTANT CONFEDERATE OFFICIALS AND OFFICERS WERE NOT ALLOWED TO RECEIVE PARDONS TO RETURN TO UNION, EACH STATE HAD TO RATIFY THE 13 TH AMENDMENT AND REJECT ALL CIVIL WAR DEBTS HOWEVER, SOUTHERN VOTERS ELECTED FORMER CONFEDERATE LEADERS TO THE SENATE

10 BLACK CODES BLACK CODES LIMITED AFRICAN AMERICAN RIGHTS = KEEP THEM IN CONDITIONS OF SLAVERY LICENSES FOR NON-AGRICULTURAL JOBS LABOR AND APPRENTICSHIP CONTRACTS

11 RADICAL REPUBLICANS TAKE CONTROL REPUBLICANS IN CONGRESS SET THEIR OWN RECONSTRUCTION PLANS = CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1866 ALLOWED AFRICAN AMERICANS TO OWN PROPERTY AND RECEIVE EQUAL TREATMENT IN COURT 14 TH AMENDMENT = GRANTS CITIZENSHIP TO ALL PEOPLE BORNIN USA, AND GAURANTEES EQUAL PROTECTION OF LAW

12 MILITARY RECONSTRUCTION REPUBLICANS PASSED THE MILITARY RECONSTRUCTION ACT DIVIDED CONFEDERACY INTO 5 DISTRICTS. WITH A UNION GENERAL IN CHARGE OF EACH. EACH FORMER CONFEDERATE STATE MUST DRAW UP NEW CONSTITUTION AND GRANTED ALL MALES THE RIGHT TO VOTE EACH STATE HAD TO RATIFY THE 14 AMENDMENT BEFORE BEING ABLE TO ELECT PEOPLE TO CONGRESS RADICAL REPUBLICANS IMPEACHED JOHNSON FOR FEAR HE WOULD NOT SUPPORT PLAN JOHNSON WAS NOT CONVICTED, BUT HE DID NOT RUN FOR OFFICE AGAIN REPUBLICANS PASSED THE 15 TH AMENDMENT = GUARANTEES AFRICAN AMERICANS RIGHT TO VOTE

13 Activity 1) read pages Complete recalling facts worksheet 2) Primary Source Document Reconstruction (As a group)

14 Reflection WHAT WERE THE 3 MAIN GOALS OF RADICAL REPUBLICANS? IN WHAT AREA DID THE FREEDMENS BUREAU HAVE THE MOST IMPACT? WHAT WERE BLACK CODES? WHAT WERE THE MAIN PROVISIONS OF THE MILITARY RECONSTRUCTION ACT?

15 Warm up WHAT WERE THE 3 MAIN GOALS OF RADICAL REPUBLICANS? IN WHAT AREA DID THE FREEDMENS BUREAU HAVE THE MOST IMPACT? WHAT WERE BLACK CODES? WHAT WERE THE MAIN PROVISIONS OF THE MILITARY RECONSTRUCTION ACT?

16 REPUBLICAN RULE UNDER THE REPUBLICAN CONTROLLED CONGRESS, THE SOUTH BEGAN TO REBUILD. DURING THIS TIME, AFRICAN AMERICANS GAINED SOME NEW OPPORTUNITEIS, PARTICULARLY IN POLITICS, WHILE SOME WHITE SOUTHERNERS ORGANIZED TO RESIST CHANGE THAT WERE OCCURING. SOUTH CAROLINA STATE LEGISLATURE CONTROLLED BY AFRICAN AMERICANS!

17 CARPETBAGGERS AND SCALAWAGS CARPETBAGGERS = NORTHERNERS SEEKING TO EXPLOIT THE SOUTH (SOUTHERN VIEW) SCALAWAGS = SOUTHERNERS THAT SUPPORT REPUBLICAN POLICIES (RECONSTRUCTION) REALITY = MANY CARPETBAGGES WERE HONEST AND PROVIDED MONEY AND EFFORT TO REBUILDING SOUTH AND HELPING AFRICAN AMERICANS. BUT…… SOME DID EXPLOIT SOUTHERNERS

18 AFRICAN AMERICAN CHURCHES CHURCHES BECAME CENTERS FRO AFRICAN AMERICAN COMMUNITIES. HOUSED SCHOOLS, HOSTED SOCIAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS, PROVIDED RECREATION, AND EVEN ACTED AS COURTS

19 A DESIRE TO LEARN MANY AFRICAN AMERICANS SOUGHT AN EDUCATION. IN THE FIRST YEAR OF RECONSTRUCTION, THE FREEDMENS BUREAU ESTABLISHED SCHOOLS FOR AFRICAN AMERICANS ACROSS THE SOUTH

20 KU KLUX KLAN FORMS AFRICAN AMERICANS FACED INTENSE RESENTMENT FROM MANY SOUTHERN WHITES KLANS GOAL WAS TO DRIVE OUT CARPETBAGGERS AND UNION TROOPS, AND RETAKE CONTROL OF SOUTH USED TERRORIST TACTICS. ACTIVITES OF KLAN OUTRAGED PRESIDENT GRANT AND LED TO THE ENFORCEMENT ACTS= 1) FEDERAL CRIME TO INTERFERE WITH RIGHT TO VOTE 2) FEDERAL ELECTIONS UNDER SUPERVISION OF FEDERAL MARSHALLS 3) OUTLAWED ALL ACTIVITIES OF K LAN

21 ACTIVITY 1)Guided reading ) A letter to a former slaveholder (as a group) Jigsaw with 3 others.

22 REFLECTION WHAT SERVICES DID THE FREEDMENS BUREAU PROVIDE? IN WHAT STATE DID AFRICAN AMERICANS GAIN CONTROL OF THE LEGISLATURE FOR A TIME, AND WHY DID THIS OCCUR? WHAT WERE THE 3 MAIN PROVISIONS OF THE ENCFORCEMENT ACTS? HOW DID CHURCHES BENEFIT AFRICAN AMERICANS DURING RECONSTRUCTION? SUMMARIZE THE POSITIVES AND NEGATIVES OF CARPETBAGGER RULE. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE B/W A CARPETBAGGER AND SCALAWAG?


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