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1865-1877. Why?  Congress enacted this plan for two reasons South needed rebuilt after the war Sherman’s March Needed a way for Confederate states to.

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Presentation on theme: "1865-1877. Why?  Congress enacted this plan for two reasons South needed rebuilt after the war Sherman’s March Needed a way for Confederate states to."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Why?  Congress enacted this plan for two reasons South needed rebuilt after the war Sherman’s March Needed a way for Confederate states to be allowed back in Union

3 Lincoln’s 10% Plan  Lenient  Wanted to pardon Confederates if they would take an oath swearing allegiance to the Union High- ranking officials were excluded  Once 10% of voting population had taken the oath, they would be readmitted and also regain their seats in Congress  Not enacted he was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth

4 Wade-Davis Bill  Created by Radical Republicans Very severe  Ironclad oath that they never supported Confederacy  Wanted slavery abolished

5 Johnson’s Plan  Same as Lincoln’s except he wanted to ban all high-ranking officials AND wealthy plantation owners  Did not agree with Radical Republicans Felt that Congress had gone beyond anything “contemplated by the authors of the Constitution” Felt that white men alone must manage the South

6 Congressional Reconstruction  Passed the 14 th Amendment which stated that all people born in the United States were equal  Created the Freedmen’s Bureau Act Gave Freedmen Rights ○ Schools for children ○ Distribution of Land Provided protection in the courts  Created Civil Rights Act Guaranteed citizen rights to everyone no matter what color, race or previous condition

7 Problem with All Plans  Southerners did not always mean the oath  Many were rich, political figures that stated the oath to get back into Congress to repeal the Radical Republican’s legislations

8 Johnson’s Impeachment  Johnson fired Secretary of War which was against the Constitution  Did the Radical Republicans have a legitimate reason or were they just looking for a way to get rid of Johnson?  Grant was elected to President and passed the 15 th amendment which could keep no one from voting

9 Reconstruction Begins  Conditions in South Economically devastated Low population ○ 400,000 died  Republicans started setting up public works programs to clean up  Troops sent to South to monitor

10 Politics in South  Three types of Republicans in South Scalawags – Southerners who were Republican ○ Small farmers Carpetbaggers – Northerners who moved South after the war African Americans  Created Controversy

11 Former Slaves New Life  “We are not prepared for this suffrage. But we can learn. Give a man tools and let him commence to use them and in time he will earn a trade. So it is with voting. We may not understand it at the start but in time we shall learn to do our duty” ~~~ William Beverly Nash

12 African American Successes  Hiram Revels 1 st African American US Senator Voting Rights Citizen Rights  Frederick Douglass Supported rights for all citizens including Women, Native American and Blacks Spent reconstruction era traveling around giving speeches about sufferage

13 African American Hardships  Black Codes Used before 14 th and 15 th amendments Voided with their creation ○ Blocked African Americans from serving as jurors and testifying against white men ○ Forced them to sign a yearly work contract ○ Barred them from acquiring land

14  Jim Crow Laws Poll Tax Grandfather Clause Literacy Test  Sharecropping Never ending cycle  Klu Klux Klan Wanted to destroy Republican Party Killed 20,000 men, women, children including whites Many by lynching

15 Southerners Gain Control  Congress passed the Amnesty Act that allowed 150,000 Confederates to vote  Were able to gain power from Republicans in Congress  Let Freedmen’s Bureau expire  Support for Reconstruction fades under Southern controled Congress

16 End of Reconstruction  1876 – Reconstruction officially ends  Presidential election 1876 Samuel Tilden and Rutherford Hayes ○ Tilden is short one electoral vote ○ South agrees to vote in Hayes on one condition  Compromise of 1877 If Hayes agrees to withdraw troops from South he will win

17 Aftermath of Reconstruction  Plessy v. Ferguson Paved the way for African Americans today ○ Separate but not so equal


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