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3.1 Define Mercantilism an economic policy used by European nations during the 17 th and 18 th centuries acquire colonies and control them thru policy.

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Presentation on theme: "3.1 Define Mercantilism an economic policy used by European nations during the 17 th and 18 th centuries acquire colonies and control them thru policy."— Presentation transcript:

1 3.1 Define Mercantilism an economic policy used by European nations during the 17 th and 18 th centuries acquire colonies and control them thru policy for economic development - control raw materials and markets gold and silver maintain a favorable balance of trade exports > imports = $$$ maintain a strong navy * Navigation Acts 1651 (p68) * Andros and the Dominion of NE 1685

2 3.1 Define Salutary Neglect; How did it impact England and the colonies lax enforcement of mercantilistic regulations revolution in England (Andros out) - GB and European conflict - more tolerant in Mass. (but in 1691…-a Royal colony) - economic progress and political loyalty was maintained successful self rule encouraged more of it - colonists gained experience and created govt structures

3 3.2 ID important features of the 13 colonies individually regionally - first 3: NE, Middle, South - blending into 2: Northern, Southern Map - P 67 Videos, overheads. handout

4 3.2 Describe the plantation economy of the south rural, agricultural cash crop economy - indigo, rice, tobacco (cotton) LABOR: Indentured servitude Slave Labor - first NA, then AA ** ID: the term Middle Passage and the Triangular Trade pattern

5 3.3 Describe features of the northern colonies (NE + Middle) urban, coastal diverse population with diverse cultural influences commercial diversified economy - different occupations * The Enlightenment (Age of Reason) and The Great Awakening (Puritan Revival) encouraged and emphasized Individualism, especially in the northern colonies and encouraged the questioning of traditional authority.

6 3.4 ID: Causes and Results of the French and Indian War background: handout CAUSES: Mercantilist competition worldwide the Ohio Valley relations with N.A.s

7 RESULTS: GB gains control of French N. America N.A. tribes are divided due their loyalties (GB or Fr.) Colonists gain military experience - from GB, F, and N.A. GBs war debt causes an ^ of taxes and a change of policy towards the colonies * the end of Salutary Neglect: - George Greenville – Sugar Act (1764) - Prosecution: writs of assistance, military courts - the Proclamation Act of 1763

8 4.1 ID Mercantilist Legislation that caused colonial protest Navigation Acts 1651 (p68) - created monopolistic conditions between E-colonies Sugar Act 1764 (p89) - writs of assistance for search, special courts Stamp Act direct tax on legal papers Declaratory Act colonists must comply with Parliament (w/out rep.) Townshend acts indirect tax on imported goods, increased British troop presence Tea Act favored British company

9 Responses (p ) Stamp Act Congress - 9 colonies -NYC - Decl of R & G no taxation w/out rep. - Non-Importation - Sons of Liberty organized protests - Comm. of Corres. - Boston tea Party First CC (9/1774) - Est. Minutemen Stamp Act Repealed - Declaratory Act Boston Massacre 1770 Coercive or Intolerable Acts 1774

10 4.1 Describe the Intolerable Acts 1774 after the Tea Party Imposes Martial Law upon Boston - closes port - Quartering Act - unlimited search - increased power of Royal governor and reduced local govtal power -extraterritoriality in capital cases - Quebec Act - Mass - Ohio Valley

11 4.2 How was the second CC (5/75) different from the first (9/74) ? 8 months apart Fighting has already started at: - Lexington / Concord (4/75) - Breeds Hill (6/75) The 2 nd CC: -creates, funds an official army; names G Washington commander -Est. a Navy -intense debate between Loyalists (Tories) and Rebels (Patriots) -sends Olive Branch Petition and approves drafting a Decl of Ind. -outlined a plan for governing ( Articles of Confederation)

12 4.2 What was Common Sense pamphlet Thomas Paine Great impact on public opinion in support of independence

13 4.2 ID the contents of the D of I *** READ IT !!!!!! (+ handout) Preamble Statement of Rights - natural rights Statement of Beliefs / Philosophy in relation to the purpose of Govt - social contract: govt gets its power from the people List of Grievances Final Resolution

14 4.3 WAR !!: ID the strengths and weaknesses of both sides P115 handout

15 4.3 ID strategies of both sides Colonies defensive war sustain an effort over time avoid major confrontations gain foreign support GB divide and conquer blockade attrition

16 4.3/4 Summarize the War: Chapters: Early Hope Lexington, Concord, Breeds Hill, Ft Ticonderoga - Siege of Boston - attack British Canada NY: Long Island, Brooklyn Heights, Staten Island NY to Philly - Trenton, Princeton (W of 76) The NY Plan Saratoga –French officially come in - Philly, Valley Forge (W of 77) Southern Campaign Charleston, Camden, Kings Mt, Cowpens, Guilford Courthouse, Yorktown

17 4.4 ID Results The Treaty of Paris 1783 J Adams, B Franklin, John Jay - borders est. -map A26 - sovereignty recognized - the Ohio Valley A New Nation - consolidate and survive - a future of unfulfilled promises for many Americans- ….all men are created equal.. * what about us?….what about them? * an egalitarian society


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