Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5 Sec. 1-4. Taxation w/out Representation New Colonist upset w/ England because of Proclamation of 1763 which stopped settlement After French/Indian."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 5 Sec. 1-4
Taxation w/out Representation New Colonist upset w/ England because of Proclamation of 1763 which stopped settlement After French/Indian War, Britain had huge debt and wanted colonist to pay it.
Britain’s Trade Law To stop smuggling, England issues Writs of Assistance-British officers can enter any place to look for goods
The Sugar Act Lower taxes on Molasses to encourage payment Also allowed to seize goods w/out going to court Colonist thought this violated their rights.
Protesting Stamp Act Tax on all printed material Effected everyone Angered colonist and many want to reject the act
Protesting Act Patrick Henry major protester against Act Sam Adams established Sons of Liberty, also to protest.
Stamp Act Congress Colonist met to stop England from taxing them Urged colonist to boycott British products
The Act repealed Stamp Act repealed-replaced with Declaratory Act This act said parliament had right to tax and make decisions for colonies Furthered Angered colonist
New Taxes More taxes on imported goods Townsend Act- result in more boycott and protest
Building Unity Trouble in Boston Fearing trouble, England sends troops to colonies to keep them in line
The Boston Massacre Tensions increase especially in Boston Red Coats fire shots into crowd and 5 colonist die.
The Word Spreads News of the “Massacre” spread with use of propaganda Use to gain support against England Samuel Adams-Committee of Correspondence- list grievances against England to gain more support.
Crisis over Tea To save British owned company, they lower taxes on only that tea. This hurts local colonist companies. Anger colonist
Colonial Demands/Boston Tea Party The colonist respond with more protest. Sneak aboard British ship and dump 342 cases of tea into the Harbor.
Intolerable acts Coercive Act- harsh laws to control colonist Close Boston harbor, ban town meetings, forced to house British soldiers
Continental Congress Set up to establish a political party to represent America Challenge British control
Delegates to the congress John Adams, John Jay, Richard Henry Lee, Patrick Henry and George Washington are part of the congress
The Decisions of Congress First official statement of grievances Est. militias First battle established minuteman
British send troops British respond by sending more Went to Concord to look for guns
Alerting the colonist Paul Revere lets people know British are coming and to be prepared
Fighting at Lexington/Concord British met minute men at Lexington- shots fired Move on to Concord
More Military action There is more fighting, introduce Benedict Arnold as an American general.
Building Forts Call for more men to join the militia to help fight the British.
Battle of Bunker Hill British troops win this battle but figure out this will not be an easy war to win.
Choosing Sides Colonist now have to choose sides Loyalist- do not want independence from British rule. Patriots-favor independence from British rule
Moving Toward Independence Colonial Leaders emerge Second Continental Congress George Washington is name commander of Army Olive Branch Petition is giving to British King to make peace. He refuses.
The Colonies Take the Offensive Washington trains and disciplines the army. Attack British forces in Boston. They are successful.
Moving toward Independence Thomas Paine writes “Common Sense” This is used to convince colonist to support independence from England.
The Colonies Declare Independence The colonist decides to write the Declaration of Independence. This is written by Thomas Jefferson
The Declaration of Independence Declaration made up of 4 parts. Part 1 Preamble-listed reasons for declaration & grievances Next 2 parts list rights of the colonist Last part list their desire to be independent